solstice

/sol"stis, sohl"-/, n.
1. Astron.
a. either of the two times a year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equator: about June 21, when the sun reaches its northernmost point on the celestial sphere, or about December 22, when it reaches its southernmost point. Cf. summer solstice, winter solstice.
b. either of the two points in the ecliptic farthest from the equator.
2. a furthest or culminating point; a turning point.
[1200-50; < ME < OF < L solstitium, equiv. to sol sun + -stit-, comb. form of stat-, var. s. of sistere to make stand (see STAND) + -ium -IUM; see -ICE)]

* * *

Either of the two moments in the year when the Sun's apparent path is farthest north or south from Earth's Equator; also, either of the two points along the ecliptic that the Sun passes through at these times.

In the Northern Hemisphere the summer solstice occurs on June 21 or 22; the winter solstice on December 21 or 22. In the Southern Hemisphere the seasons are reversed. See also equinox.

* * *

 either of the two moments in the year when the Sun's apparent path is farthest north or south from the Earth's Equator. In the Northern Hemisphere the summer solstice occurs on June 20 or 21 and the winter solstice on December 21 or 22. The situation is exactly the opposite in the Southern Hemisphere, where the seasons are reversed. At the winter solstice the day is the year's shortest, and at the summer solstice it is the year's longest. The term solstice also is used in reference to either of the two points of greatest deviation of the ecliptic (the Sun's apparent annual path) from the celestial equator.

      At the time of the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the North Pole is tilted 23.45° (23°27´) toward the Sun. Because the Sun's rays are shifted northward by the same amount, the vertical noon rays are directly overhead at the Tropic of Cancer (23°27´ N). Six months later, the south polar end of the Earth is inclined 23.45° toward the Sun. On this day of the summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the Sun's vertical overhead rays progress to their southernmost position, the Tropic of Capricorn (23°27´ S). Compare equinox; see also season.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • solstice — [ sɔlstis ] n. m. • v. 1280; lat. solstitium, de sol « Soleil » et stare « s arrêter » ♦ Astron. Chacune des deux époques où le Soleil atteint son plus grand éloignement angulaire du plan de l équateur; point de l écliptique qui y correspond.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Solstice — Sol stice, n.[L. solstitium; sol the sun + sistere to cause to stand, akin to stare to stand: cf. F. solstice. See {Solar}, a., {Stand}, v. i.] 1. A stopping or standing still of the sun. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne. [1913 Webster] 2. (Astron.) (a) The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solstice — (Нуса,Австралия) Категория отеля …   Каталог отелей

  • solstice — Solstice. s. m. Le temps auquel le soleil est dans l un des deux Tropiques. Solstice d hiver. solstice d esté. entre les deux solstices …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • solstice — [säl′stis, sōl′stis] n. [ME < MFr < L solstitium < sol, the sun (see SOL1) + sistere, caus. of stare, to STAND] 1. the moment or date when the sun in its apparent annual movement along the ecliptic reaches its maximum distance north or… …   English World dictionary

  • Solstice — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Death Metal Gründung 1990 Auflösung 1993, 1995 Neugründung 1995, 2008 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • solstice — mid 13c., from O.Fr. solstice, from L. solstitium point at which the sun seems to stand still, from sol sun (see SOL (Cf. sol)) + pp. stem of sistere to come to a stop, make stand still (see ASSIST (Cf. assist)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • solstice — Solstice, c est le plus grand et le plus court jour de l année, Solstitium. quasi Solis statio …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • solstice — ► NOUN ▪ each of the two times in the year, respectively at midsummer and midwinter, when the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at noon, marked by the longest and shortest days. DERIVATIVES solstitial adjective. ORIGIN Latin… …   English terms dictionary

  • Solstice — For other uses, see Solstice (disambiguation). UTC date and time of solstices and equinoxes[1] year Equinox Mar Solstice June Equinox Sept Solstice Dec day time day time day time day time 2004 20 …   Wikipedia

  • Solstice — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Solstice (homonymie). Illumination de la Terre par le Soleil lors du solstice de juin …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.