Sol

/sol/, n.
1. an ancient Roman god personifying the sun.
2. the sun, personified by the Romans as a god.
3. a male given name, form of Solomon.

* * *

In Roman religion, the name of two distinct sun gods at Rome.

The original Sol, or Sol Indiges, had an annual sacrifice and shrines on the Quirinal and in the Circus Maximus. After the importation of various Syrian sun cults, Elagabalus built a temple to Sol Invictus on the Palatine and attempted to make his worship the principal religion at Rome. Aurelian later reestablished the worship and erected a temple to Sol in the Campus Agrippae. The worship of Sol remained the chief imperial cult until the rise of Christianity.

* * *

▪ Roman god
      in Roman religion, name of two distinct sun gods at Rome. The original Sol, or Sol Indiges, had a shrine on the Quirinal, an annual sacrifice on August 9, and another shrine, together with Luna, the moon goddess, in the Circus Maximus. Although the cult appears to have been native, the Roman poets equated him with the Greek sun god Helios.

      The worship of Sol assumed an entirely different character with the later importation of various sun cults from Syria. The Roman emperor Elagabalus (reigned AD 218–222) built a temple to him as Sol Invictus on the Palatine and attempted to make his worship the principal religion at Rome. The emperor Aurelian (reigned 270–275) later reestablished the worship and erected a magnificent temple to Sol in the Campus Agrippae. The worship of Sol as special protector of the emperors and of the empire remained the chief imperial cult until it was replaced by Christianity.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • şölələnmə — «Şölələnmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Sol — is the Latin name of the Sun, and the modern word for Sun in Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Icelandic ( ), Danish, Norwegian and Swedish. In Persian, it refers to a solar year .Sol or SOL may also refer to: Sun * the Solar system * A solar day on… …   Wikipedia

  • SOL — ist der Vorname von: Sol Lesser (1890–1980), US amerikanischer Filmproduzent und Filmregisseur Sol LeWitt (1928–2007), US amerikanischer Künstler Sol Campbell (*1974), Englischer Fußballspieler Sol ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ed Sol… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sol — 1. (sou) s. m. Voy. sou. sol 2. (sol) s. m. 1°   Surface sur laquelle reposent les corps terrestres. à deux pieds du sol. Il ne faut pas bâtir sur le sol d autrui. Le sol de cette ville est inégal. •   Un de ces beaux jours qu on ne voit plus à… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Sol — bezeichnet: Sonne in der lateinischen Sprache Sol (Marstag), den Tag auf dem Planeten Mars Kolloid in der Chemie Sol (Gott), den römischen Sonnengott Sol (Mythologie), eine germanische Sonnengöttin Sou, eine alte französische Münze Nuevo Sol,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SOL — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Saule et Sole …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sol — sustantivo masculino 1. (en mayúscula) Área: astronomía Estrella luminosa que constituye el centro del Sistema Solar: El Sol proporciona luz y calor a la Tierra. sol naciente Sol que empieza a dejarse ver en el horizonte. sol poniente Sol que se… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • SOL — Phoenicibus olim Η῏λ, El, teste Serviô, In l. 1. Aen. v. 646. qui de Belo Phoenice, unde creta Dido, loquens, Omnes, inquit, in illis, partibus Solem colunt, qui ipsorum linguâ Hel dicitur; unde et Η῞λιος: η in ω discedente, et spiritu, in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • sol — |ó| s. m. [Física, Química] Substância coloidal em que há dispersão de pequenas partículas sólidas num líquido. • Plural: sóis e soles.   ‣ Etimologia: inglês sol sol |ó| s. m. 1.  [Música] Quinta nota da escala musical. 2.  [Música] Sinal que… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Soľ — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sól — Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.