Socotra

Socotran, n., adj.
/soh koh"treuh, sok"euh treuh/, n.
an island in the Indian Ocean, S of Arabia: a part of the Republic of Yemen; 1382 sq. mi. (3579 sq. km).
Also, Sokotra.

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Island, Yemen, in the Indian Ocean.

Located about 210 mi (340 km) southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, it has an area of about 1,400 sq mi (3,600 sq km). Its interior is mountainous, with flora that includes myrrh, frankincense, and the dragon's blood tree. The island, mentioned in various legends, was long ruled by the Mahra sultans of southeastern Yemen, except for a brief Portuguese occupation (1507–11). In 1886 it came under British control and in 1967 became part of independent Yemen. Its chief town is Hadīboh.

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also spelled  Sokotra,  Arabic  Suquṭrā 
 island in the Indian Ocean about 210 miles (340 km) southeast of Yemen, to which it belongs. The largest of several islands extending eastward from the Horn of Africa, it has an area of about 1,400 square miles (3,600 square km). The Hajīr (Hajhir) Mountains occupy Socotra's interior, with narrow coastal plains in the north and a broader plain in the south. To the southwest and west are the smaller islands of Samḥah and Darzah Al-Ikhwān (called The Brothers), and ʿAbd Al-Kūrī, all of which also belong to Yemen. The islands stand on coral banks and may once have been connected with the African and Arabian mainlands. Socotra's flora includes several famous species, among them myrrh, frankincense, and the dragon's blood tree. In recognition of its distinct plant and animal life, the archipelago was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2008.

      Socotra's name is traced to the Sanskrit (Sanskrit language) dvipa-sakhadara, “island abode of bliss.” The island is mentioned in various legends. The inhabitants long were Christians, but that religion disappeared from the island in the 17th century. Socotra was long ruled by the Mahra (Mahra Sultanate) sultans of southeastern Yemen. Their rule on Socotra was interrupted by Portuguese occupation between 1507 and 1511. In 1834 the British tried and failed to purchase the island; in the 1880s, however, the sultan accepted British protection for the entire sultanate. The sultanate came to an end in 1967, when Socotra became part of independent South Yemen, and later, unified Yemen.

      Socotra's sedentary inhabitants are engaged in fishing, pearl diving, and small-scale agriculture. In the interior, nomads keep cattle and other animals and raise some crops. The island's exports include ghee (clarified butter), fish, and frankincense. The capital and largest town is Hadīboh (Tamrida) on the northern coast.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Socotra — o Soqotra (Árabe سقطرة Suquṭrah) es un pequeño archipiélago de cuatro islas en el Océano Índico frente a las costas del Cuerno de África a unos 350 km de la República de Yemen, que administra Socotra en nombre del Banu Afrar Mahra Sultanate of… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Socotra — Socotra, Insel, s. Sokotra …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Socotra — ou Socotora (en ar. Suqutrâ) île de l océan Indien, dépendance de la république du Yémen, à 250 km à l E. du cap Guardafui; 3 626 km²; 15 000 hab.; ch. l. Tamridah …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Socotra —   [səʊ kəʊtrə, englisch], Inselgruppe im Indischen Ozean, Sokotra …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Socotra — [sō kō′trə] island of Yemen, in the Indian Ocean, off the E tip of Africa: 1,351 sq mi (3,499 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Socotra — For the submerged rock/islet, see Socotra Rock. Socotra Native name: سُقُطْرَى Suquṭra Landsat view over Socotra …   Wikipedia

  • Socotra — Archipiélago de Socotra (سقطرة Suquṭrah) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Socotra —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Archipel de Socotra.  Socotra سقطرى (ar) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Socotra — Lage der Insel Sokotra (auch Socotra oder Sukutra; arabisch ‏سقطرى‎ Suqutrā, DMG Suquṭrā) ist eine Insel und der Name einer Inselgruppe im nordwestlichen Indischen Ozean …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Socotra — geographical name island Indian Ocean E of Gulf of Aden in Yemen; chief town Tamridah area 1400 square miles (3640 square kilometers), population 8000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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