- a state-approved artistic or literary style in some socialist countries, as the U.S.S.R., that characteristically celebrates an idealized vision of the life and industriousness of the workers.Also, Socialist Realism.[1930-35]
* * *Officially sanctioned theory and method of artistic and literary composition in the Soviet Union from 1932 to the mid-1980s.Following the tradition of 19th-century Russian realism, Socialist Realism purported to serve as an objective mirror of life. Instead of critiquing society, however, it took as its primary theme the struggle to build socialism and a classless society and called for the didactic use of art to develop social consciousness. Artists were expected to take a positive view of socialist society and to keep in mind its historical relevance, requisites that seldom coincided with their real experiences and frequently undermined the artistic credibility of their works.
* * *▪ artofficially sanctioned theory and method of literary composition prevalent in the Soviet Union from 1932 to the mid-1980s. For that period of history Socialist Realism was the sole criterion for measuring literary works. Defined and reinterpreted over years of polemics, it remains a vague term.Socialist Realism follows the great tradition of 19th-century Russian realism in that it purports to be a faithful and objective mirror of life. It differs from earlier realism, however, in several important respects. The realism of Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov inevitably conveyed a critical picture of the society it portrayed (hence the term critical realism). The primary theme of Socialist Realism is the building of socialism and a classless society. In portraying this struggle, the writer could admit imperfections but was expected to take a positive and optimistic view of socialist society and to keep in mind its larger historical relevance.A requisite of Socialist Realism is the positive hero who perseveres against all odds or handicaps. Socialist Realism thus looks back to Romanticism in that it encourages a certain heightening and idealizing of heroes and events to mold the consciousness of the masses. Hundreds of positive heroes—usually engineers, inventors, or scientists—created to this specification were strikingly alike in their lack of lifelike credibility. Rarely, when the writer's deeply felt experiences coincided with the official doctrine, the works were successful, as with the Soviet classic Kak zakalyalas stal (1932–34; How the Steel Was Tempered), written by Nikolay Ostrovsky, an invalid who died at 32. His hero, Pavel Korchagin, wounded in the October Revolution, overcomes his health handicap to become a writer who inspires the workers of the Reconstruction. The young novelist's passionate sincerity and autobiographical involvement lends a poignant conviction to Pavel Korchagin that is lacking in most heroes of Socialist Realism.Socialist Realism was also the officially sponsored Marxist aesthetic in the visual arts, which fulfilled the same propagandistic and ideological functions as did literature. Socialist Realist paintings and sculptures used naturalistic idealization to portray workers and farmers as dauntless, purposeful, well-muscled, and youthful. Socialist Realism remained the official aesthetic of the Soviet Union (and of its eastern European satellites) until the late 20th century, at which time the changes in Soviet society initiated by the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev led to abandonment of the aesthetic.
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Socialist realism — is a teleologically oriented style of realistic art which has as its purpose the furtherance of the goals of socialism and communism. Although related, it should not be confused with social realism, a type of art that realistically depicts… … Wikipedia
socialist realism — n. a style of writing, painting, etc., established in the Soviet Union in the 1930s, typically depicting laborers and other members of a communist society in a heroic or idealized fashion socialist realist adj., n … English World dictionary
socialist realism — or Socialist Realism Socialist realism was the official style in the arts in the Soviet Union (USSR) from the early 1930s until the decline of Communism in the 1980s, disappearing entirely by the time of that country s dissolution in 1989.… … Glossary of Art Terms
socialist realism — noun Date: 1934 a Marxist aesthetic theory calling for the didactic use of literature, art, and music to develop social consciousness in an evolving socialist state • socialist realist noun or adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
socialist realism — noun Etymology: translation of Russian sotsialisticheskiĭ realizm : a theory of Soviet art, music, and literature that calls for the didactic use of artistic work to develop social consciousness in an evolving socialist state • socialist realist… … Useful english dictionary
socialist realism — noun the theory that art, literature, and music should reflect and promote the ideals of a socialist society (especially in the Soviet Union under Stalin) … English new terms dictionary
socialist realism — so′cialist re′alism n. lit.+fia a state approved style in art or literature that celebrates the worker s life in a socialist country • Etymology: 1930–35 … From formal English to slang
socialist realism — noun A Stalinist idealization of the dictatorship of the proletariat applied to art that used realistic techniques to show the struggle for socialism in a positive and optimistic manner … Wiktionary
Socialist realism in Poland — (Polish: socrealizm ) was introduced to the postwar People s Republic of Poland by a decree of the communist Deputy Minister (later, Minister of Culture and Art) Włodzimierz Sokorski in 1949. As in all Soviet controlled Eastern Bloc countries,… … Wikipedia
Socialist realism in Romania — After World War II, socialist realism on the Soviet model was imposed on the USSR s new satellites, including Romania. This was accompanied by a series of organisational and repressive moves, for instance the incarceration of numerous poets (some … Wikipedia