soapberry

/sohp"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. soapberries.
1. the fruit of any of certain tropical or subtropical trees of the genus Sapindus, esp. S. saponaria, used as a substitute for soap.
2. the tree itself.
[1685-95; SOAP + BERRY]

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plant
 any member of the genus Sapindus, of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), comprising about 12 species of shrubs and trees native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, the Americas, and islands of the Pacific.

      The leaves are divided into leaflets, which are arranged along an axis. The flowers are greenish or whitish and borne in large terminal clusters. The fruit is a somewhat leathery berry containing as much as 37 percent saponin, which lathers with water and is used as soap in some tropical regions.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Soapberry — can refer to:* Plants in the genus Sapindus , native to warm temperate to tropical regions in both the Old World and the New World. The berries of these plants contain a natural, low sudsing detergent called saponin. * Canada Buffaloberry (… …   Wikipedia

  • soapberry — [sōp′ber΄ē] n. pl. soapberries 1. any of a genus (Sapindus) of trees of the soapberry family, with fruits containing saponin 2. the globular fruit, with yellowish flesh and a large, round seed adj. designating a family (Sapindaceae, order… …   English World dictionary

  • soapberry — muilinis sapindas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Sapindinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Sapindus saponaria), paplitęs Šiaurės ir Pietų Amerikoje. Iš jo gaunami saponinai. atitikmenys: lot. Sapindus saponaria angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • soapberry — noun Date: 1693 any of a genus (Sapindus of the family Sapindaceae, the soapberry family) of chiefly tropical woody plants; also the fruit of a soapberry and especially of a tree (S. saponaria) that is saponin rich and used as a soap substitute …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • soapberry — sapindas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Sapindinių (Sapindaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Sapindus). atitikmenys: lot. Sapindus angl. soapberry vok. Seifenbaum rus. мыльное дерево; сапиндус lenk. mydleniec; mydlnik; zapian …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • soapberry — noun a) Any woody plant of the genus Sapindus, which is eponymous of the Sapindaceae family Most soapberries are tropical. b) The fruit of such a plant, especially of the tree Sapindus saponaria Soapberries are rich enough in saponin to be used… …   Wiktionary

  • Soapberry — Sapindus (E) …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • soapberry — noun (plural soapberries) 1》 a tree or shrub with berries that produce a soapy froth when crushed. [Several species, mainly of the genus Sapindus.] 2》 the berry of such a plant …   English new terms dictionary

  • soapberry — soap·berry …   English syllables

  • soapberry — soap•ber•ry [[t]ˈsoʊpˌbɛr i, bə ri[/t]] n. pl. ries 1) pln the fruit of any tropical or subtropical tree of the genus Sapindus, esp. S. saponaria: used as a substitute for soap. 2) pln the tree itself • Etymology: 1685–95 …   From formal English to slang

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