sleeping car

a railroad car fitted with berths, compartments, bedrooms, or drawing rooms for passengers to sleep in.
[1830-40, Amer.]

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▪ railroad vehicle
also called  Sleeper,  

      railroad coach designed for overnight passenger travel. The first sleeping cars were put in service on American railroads as early as the 1830s, but these were makeshift; the first car designed for comfortable nighttime travel was the Pullman sleeper, which was commercially introduced by George M. Pullman and Ben Field in 1865. The sleeping car made its appearance in Britain and Europe somewhat later and was variously named with words meaning “car” and “bed” or “sleep,” as in French wagon-lit or German Schlafwagen.

      A typical 20th-century sleeping car has six bedrooms, each with two beds, in the centre of the car; and six roomettes, with single beds, at each end. The consequent low density makes for high fares, creating a basic economic problem for railroads seeking to compete with airlines. This problem led to new design efforts to provide larger capacity; one result was the development of the “slumbercoach” with numerous deeply reclining seats.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sleeping-car — ⇒SLEEPING CAR, SLEEPING, subst. masc. CH. DE FER, vieilli. Wagon lit. Couloir d un sleeping; garçon de sleeping. Comme ils voyageaient en troisième, ils ne virent qu à l arrivée la comtesse de Baraglioul et sa fille aînée qu amenait de Paris le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sleeping car — Sleeping Sleep ing, a. & n. from {Sleep}. [1913 Webster] {Sleeping car}, a railway car or carrriage, arranged with apartments and berths for sleeping. {Sleeping partner} (Com.), a dormant partner. See under {Dormant}. {Sleeping table} (Mining), a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sleeping car — Car Car, n. [OF. car, char, F. cahr, fr. L. carrus, Wagon: a Celtic word; cf. W. car, Armor. karr, Ir. & Gael. carr. cf. {Chariot}.] 1. A small vehicle moved on wheels; usually, one having but two wheels and drawn by one horse; a cart. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sleeping car — / sli:piŋ kɑ:/, it. /zlipin kar/ locuz. ingl. [comp. di sleeping, sost. verbale di (to ) sleep dormire , e car carrozza, vagone ], usata in ital. come s.m. (ferr.) [vagone ferroviario fornito di letti] ▶◀ vagone (o carrozza) letto, wagon lit.… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • sleeping-car — /zˈlipin kar, ingl. ˈsliːpɪŋˌkɑ(r)/ [vc. ingl., comp. di sleeping, propriamente gerundio di to sleep «dormire» e car «carrozza»] s. m. inv. (ferr.) vettura letto, vagone letto, wagon lit (fr.) …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • sleeping car — sleeping cars N COUNT A sleeping car is a railway carriage containing beds for passengers to sleep in at night …   English dictionary

  • sleeping car — (Brit. also sleeping carriage) ► NOUN ▪ a railway carriage provided with beds or berths …   English terms dictionary

  • sleeping car — (ingl.; pronunc. [eslípin cár]) m. Coche cama …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • sleeping-car — |celipimg car| s. m. Carruagem cama (nos caminhos de ferro).   ‣ Etimologia: palavra inglesa …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • sleeping car — ☆ sleeping car n. a railroad car equipped with berths, compartments, etc. for passengers to sleep in …   English World dictionary

  • sleeping car — n a railway carriage with beds for passengers to sleep in = ↑sleeper …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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