sinfonia

/sin'foh nee"euh/; It. /seen'faw nee"ah/, n., pl. sinfonias, sinfonie /-nee"ay/; It. /-nee"e/. Music.
a symphony.
[1880-85; < It; see SYMPHONY]

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music
plural  sinfonie  

      in music, any of several instrumental forms, primarily of Italian origin. In the earlier Baroque period (mid-17th century), the term was used synonymously with canzona and sonata. For most of the 17th and 18th centuries, the name referred particularly to orchestral introductions to operas and cantatas.

      The Italian opera overture, or sinfonia, evolved into the autonomous orchestral symphony by way of a three-part form (fast-slow-fast) that became standard in the late 17th century. Once these contrasting sections had been expanded into relatively self-sufficient movements, little stood in the way of the three-movement symphonies composed in the 1740s by Italians (e.g., Giovanni Battista Sammartini), Austrians (e.g., Matthias Georg Monn), and Germans (e.g., Johann Stamitz) alike. Occasionally the word sinfonia was transferred to nonorchestral media. Thus, Johann Sebastian Bach called his three-part keyboard inventions (invention) sinfonie. In the 20th century, the term was revived by Benjamin Britten (Opus 20, 1940) and Luciano Berio (1968) to designate a small orchestral work.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sinfonia — is the Italian (Spanish, and also Portuguese) word for symphony (see that article for etymology). In music Sinfonia has however some specific meanings and connotations, that are understood when the word sinfonia is used outside the realm of Latin …   Wikipedia

  • sinfonia — ● sinfonia nom féminin (italien sinfonia, du latin symphonia, symphonie) Ritournelle instrumentale, dans un ballet ou une pastorale, en Italie, aux XVIe et XVIIe s. Ouverture d opéra en Italie, jusqu à la fin du XVIIIe s. ⇒SINFONIA, subst. fém.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sinfonía — sustantivo femenino 1. Composición musical para orquesta que consta de más de un movimiento: sinfonía número cuatro de Schubert en do menor. 2. Composición instrumental que precede a ciertas óperas y otras obras teatrales. 3. Conjunto de voces,… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Sinfonia —   [italienisch, vergleiche Sinfonie] die, /...ni |e, im späten 16. und frühen 17. Jahrhundert ein Ensemblestück für Gesang und Instrumente (G. Gabrieli, H. Schütz), ab dem späteren 17. Jahrhundert hauptsächlich ein reines Instrumentalstück… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sinfonia — er italiensk for en symfoni; ouverture. I det 17. og 18. århundrede blev navnet anvendt som titel på instrumentalværker af skiftende karakter. I barokmusik betegner sinfonia en orkesterindledning til en opera …   Danske encyklopædi

  • sinfonia — SINFONÍA s. f. (muz.) introducere instrumentală a unei arii; uvertură a unei opere. (< it. sinfonia) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • sinfonia — /sinfo nia/ s.f. [dal gr. symphōnía accordo di suoni , comp. di sýn con, insieme e phōnḗ suono ]. 1. (poet.) [complesso armonico di suoni e voci: dì perché si tace in questa rota La dolce s. di paradiso Che giù per l altre suona sì divota… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • sinfonia — s. f. 1. Reunião de vozes ou sons; harmonia. 2. Composição para orquestra dividida em três ou quatro partes: alegro, andante ou adágio, minuete ou scherzo e rondó ou alegro vivo …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • sinfonía — (Del lat. symphonĭa, y este del gr. συμφωνία, de σύμφωνος, que une su voz, acorde, unánime). 1. f. Conjunto de voces, de instrumentos, o de ambas cosas, que suenan acordes a la vez. 2. Composición instrumental para orquesta. 3. Pieza de música… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • sinfonia — [sin΄fə nē′ə] n. [It < L symphonia, SYMPHONY] any of various early Italian instrumental works; esp., a type of overture, as to an opera …   English World dictionary

  • Sinfonía — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor …   Wikipedia Español

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