shigellosis

/shig'euh loh"sis/, n. Pathol.
an acute intestinal infection caused by a bacterium of the genus Shigella, esp. S. dysenteriae, common among children and characterized by fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Also called bacillary dysentery.
[1945-50; SHIGELL(A) + -OSIS]

* * *

▪ intestinal disorder
also known as  bacillary dysentery 

      infection of the gastrointestinal tract by bacteria of the genus Shigella. The illness produces cramplike abdominal pain as well as diarrhea consisting of either watery stools or scant stools containing mucus and blood.

      Shigellosis occurs throughout the world, especially where overcrowding is a problem and personal hygiene is poor. Very few organisms are needed to cause the disease, and they survive well on fomites (inanimate objects, such as clothing, that can convey infection). In addition, humans may be carriers.

      Diagnosis of shigellosis is made by stool cultures. Treatment with appropriate antibiotics shortens the duration of the illness and eliminates the Shigella organism from the stool, thereby limiting further transmission of the disease. See also dysentery.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shigellosis — Shigellosis, also known as bacillary dysentery in its most severe manifestation, is a foodborne illness caused by infection by bacteria of the genus Shigella . It accounts for less than 10% of the reported outbreaks of foodborne illness in the… …   Wikipedia

  • shigellosis — Infección bacteriana aguda del intestino, caracterizada por diarrea, dolor abdominal y fiebre, que se transmite mediante el contacto mano a boca por las heces de individuos infectados con bacterias de una especie patógena …   Diccionario médico

  • shigellosis — [shig΄ə lō′sis] n. [< SHIGELLA + OSIS] dysentery caused by various strains of shigella …   English World dictionary

  • Shigellosis — Shigellenerkrankung (f), Shigellosis (f) eng shigellosis, bacillary disentery …   Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz Glossar

  • shigellosis — noun (plural shigelloses) Etymology: New Latin Date: 1944 dysentery caused by shigellae …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • shigellosis — bacillary dysentery caused by Shigella and found in fish from polluted waters, contaminating fish products in unsanitary conditions …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • shigellosis — (shī gěl o sis) The diarrheal disease that arises from an infection with a member of the genus Shigella. Often called bacillary dysentery …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • shigellosis — noun A form of dysentery caused by intestinal infection with Shigella bacteria …   Wiktionary

  • Shigellosis — Epidemic and opportunistic bacillary dysentery due to infection with the Shigella bacteria. A particular hazard in AIDS and other immune deficiency states. Named for the Japanese bacteriologist Kiyoshi Shiga (1870 1957). * * * Bacillary dysentery …   Medical dictionary

  • shigellosis — n. form of dysentery caused by bacteria from the genus Shigella (characterized by fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration) …   English contemporary dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.