shigella

/shi gel"euh/, n., pl. shigellae /-gel"ee/, shigellas. Bacteriol.
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Shigella, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans and other warm-blooded animals.
[ < NL (1918), after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870-1957), Japanese scientist; see -ELLA]

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Any of the rod-shaped bacteria that make up the genus Shigella, which are normal inhabitants of the human intestinal tract and can cause dysentery, or shigellosis.

Shigellae are gram-negative (see gram stain), non-spore-forming, stationary bacteria. S. dysenteriae, spread by contaminated water and food, causes the most severe dysentery because of its potent toxin, but other species may also be dysentery agents.

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▪ bacteria genus
 genus of rod-shaped bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae, species of which are normal inhabitants of the human intestinal tract and can cause dysentery, or shigellosis. Shigella are microbiologically characterized as gram-negative, non-spore-forming, nonmotile bacteria. Their cells are 0.4 to 0.6 micrometre across by 1 to 3 micrometres long. S. dysenteriae, spread by contaminated water and food, causes the most severe disease because of its potent exotoxin, but S. sonnei and S. flexneri are also implicated as dysentery agents.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Shigella — boydii Shigella dysenteriae Shigella flexneri Shigella sonnei Shigella es una familia de bacterias con forma de bastoncillo Gram negativas, no móviles, no formadoras de esporas e incapaces de fermentar la lactosa, que puede ocasionar diarrea en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shigella — ? Shigella Шигеллы в микроскопическом препарате стула больного бактериальной дизентерией Научная классификация …   Википедия

  • shigella — género de bacterias de la familia de las Enterobacteriaceas, afines a los E. coli, pero con menor actividad sobre los carbohidratos. Las cepas que producen infecciones en el hombre son la S. dysenteriae, la S. flexneri, la S. boydii y la S.… …   Diccionario médico

  • shigella — ● shigella nom féminin invariable ou shigelle nom féminin Genre bactérien composé de bacilles Gram négatif. (L espèce type est Shigella dysenteriæ.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • shigella — [shi gel′ə] n. pl. shigellae [shi gel′ē] or shigellas [ModL, after Kiyoshi Shiga (1870 1957), Jpn bacteriologist] any of a genus (Shigella) of Gram negative bacilli, certain species of which cause dysentery …   English World dictionary

  • Shigella — См. Шигеллы (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Shigella — Shigelle Shigelles …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shigella — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Shigella | image caption=Photomicrograph of Shigella sp. in a stool specimen regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Gamma Proteobacteria ordo = Enterobacteriales familia = Enterobacteriaceae genus =… …   Wikipedia

  • Shigella —   Shigella [[Archivo:Shigella stool.jpg a|250px]] Tinción de Gram de Shigella flexneri …   Wikipedia Español

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