Shanxi

/shahn"shee"/, n. Pinyin.
a province in N China. 18,010,000; 60,656 sq. mi. (157,099 sq. km). Cap.: Taiyuan.
Also, Shansi.

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or Shan-hsi conventional Shansi

Province (pop., 2000 est.: 32,970,000), northern China.

It is bordered by Hebei, Henan, and Shaanxi provinces and Inner Mongolia. It has an area of 60,700 sq mi (157,100 sq km). The capital is Taiyuan. Largely a vast plateau covered by great loess deposits, it was the home of early Chinese agriculture. Most of the people are Han Chinese; other ethnic groups include Hui (Chinese Muslims), Mongols, and Manchus. Since ancient times it has been an integral part of the various northern kingdoms of China, serving as a buffer against invaders from the north and as a key trade route. It was one of the major avenues by which Buddhism came to China from India. After the overthrow of the Qing dynasty in 1911–12, the warlord Yan Xishan ruled as absolute dictator until the end of World War II. Japan occupied part of the province during the Sino-Japanese War. Communist forces assumed control of Shanxi in 1949. It has vast reserves of coal and iron and the largest titanium and vanadium deposits in China, and it is China's largest provincial producer of cotton.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SHANXI — [CHAN SI] La province du Shanxi constitue la partie orientale des plateaux de lœss de la Chine du Nord et couvre 157 200 kilomètres qui étaient peuplés de 29 420 000 habitants, selon les estimations de 1992. Elle se présente comme un gradin,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Shanxi — (chino: 山西, pinyin: Shānxī, forma tradicional: Shansi), provincia de la República Popular China. Su capital es Taiyuan; Datong es otra ciudad destacada. Shanxi significa literalmente montañas del oeste en referencia a la situación de la provincia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shanxi —   [ʃançiː], Schansi, Shansi, Provinz in Nordchina, im Westen und Südwesten vom mittleren Hwangho, im Norden von der Chinesischen Mauer begrenzt, 156 300 km2, (1999) 31,72 Mio. Einwohner (darunter kleine nationale Minderheiten, v. a. Hui, Mandschu …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Shanxi — [shän′shē′] province of NE China, between the Huang He and Inner Mongolia: 60,657 sq mi (157,101 sq km); pop. 28,180,000; cap. Taiyuan …   English World dictionary

  • Shanxi — Coordinates: 37°42′N 112°24′E / 37.7°N 112.4°E / 37.7; 112.4 Not to be confused with the neighbouring province of Shaanxi …   Wikipedia

  • Shanxi — 山西省 (Shānxī Shěng) Provincia de Shanxi Provincia de la República Popular China …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shanxi — 山西省 Shānxī Shěng Abkürzung: 晉 / 晋 (Pinyin: Jìn) Hauptstadt Taiyuan Fläche  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shānxī — 山西省 Shānxī Shěng Abkürzung: 晉 / 晋 (Pinyin: Jìn) Hauptstadt Taiyuan Fläche   Gesamt   Anteil an der VR China …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shanxi — 38°00′N 112°00′E / 38, 112 Sh …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shanxi — Шаньси 山西 Страна Китайская Народная Республика Статус Провинция Административный центр Тайюань Крупнейший город Тайюань Губернатор Юй Юцзюнь Секретарь КПК Чжан Баошунь ВВП (200 …   Википедия

  • Shanxi — 1 Original name in latin Shanxi Name in other language Shanxi, Shanxi Xiang, Shanxijiang, shan xi, shan xi xiang State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 28.03167 latitude 110.95444 altitude 508 Population 0 Date 2013 06 05 2 Original …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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