Shandong

/shahn"dawng"/, n. Pinyin.
1. a maritime province in E China. 55,520,000; 59,189 sq. mi. (153,299 sq. km). Cap.: Jinan.
2. a peninsula in the E part of this province, extending into the Yellow Sea.
Also, Shantung.

* * *

or Shan-tung conventional Shantung

Coastal province (pop., 2000 est.: 90,790,000), northeastern China.

It lies on the Yellow Sea and is bordered by Jiangsu, Anhui, Henan, and Hebei provinces. It has an area of 59,200 sq mi (153,300 sq km), and its capital is Jinan. It contains the Shandong Peninsula and an inland zone that includes a fertile, intensely cultivated area that forms part of the Huang He (Yellow River) basin. The peninsula has been occupied since the 3rd millennium BC, and by the 8th century BC it had become a centre of political and military activity. It became northern China's leading maritime centre in the 3rd century AD and retained that position for centuries. In the 19th century devastating floods resulted in substantial emigration. It came under German, British, and Japanese influence in the late 19th century. The Japanese occupied it in 1937–45; it came under communist control in 1948. Its products include wheat, corn, iron ore, gold, fish, and silk. Confucius and Mencius were born in Shandong.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SHANDONG — [CHAN TONG] Une des provinces qui constituent la Chine du Nord, le Shandong couvre 153 300 kilomètres carrés et comptait, selon les estimations de 1992, 85 700 000 habitants. La province est constituée d’une partie péninsulaire, ensemble de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Shandong — (Chino simplificado: 山东, Chino tradicional: 山東, Pinyin: Shāndōng, Forma tradicional: Shantung) es una provincia costera de la República Popular China. Situada en el bajo Huang He (río Amarillo), está bañada por los mares de Bohai y Amarillo.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shandong —   [ʃan ], Schantung, Shantung [ʃ ], Provinz an der Nordostküste von China, 153 300 km2, (1999) 88,38 Mio. Einwohner, Hauptstadt ist Jinan. Shandong umfasst im Osten die buchtenreiche Halbinsel Shandong (chinesisch Shandong Bandao), die die Bucht… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Shandong — [shän′dooŋ′] province of NE China, including a peninsula (Shandong Peninsula) which projects between the Yellow Sea & Bo Hai: 59,189 sq mi (153,299 sq km); pop. 83,430,000; cap. Jinan …   English World dictionary

  • Shandong — Infobox PRC province ChineseName = 山东省 Pinyin = Shāndōng Shěng EnglishName = Shandong Province Name = Shandong Abbreviation = 鲁 AbbrevPinyin = Lǔ ISOAbbrev = 37 MapSize = 275px OriginOfName = 山 shān mountain 东 dōng east east of the Taihang… …   Wikipedia

  • Shandong — 山东省 (Shāndōng Shěng) Provincia de Shandong Provincia de la República Popular China …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shandong — 山东省 Shāndōng Shěng Abkürzung: 鲁 (Pinyin: Lǔ) Hauptstadt Jinan Fläche   Gesamt   Anteil an der VR China …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shandong — 36°30′N 118°0′E / 36.5, 118 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shandong — or Shan tung geographical name 1. peninsula E China projecting ENE between Yellow Sea & Bo Hai 2. province E China including Shandong Peninsula capital Jinan area 59,189 square miles (153,300 square kilometers), population 84,392,827 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Shandong — noun [ ʂan˥˥tʊŋ˥˥ ] a) a coastal province of China. b) province …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.