Seven against Thebes
- 1. Class. Myth. seven heroes, Amphiaraus, Capaneus, Eteoclus, Hippomedon, Parthenopaeus, Polynices, and Tydeus, who led an expedition against Thebes to depose Eteocles in favor of his brother Polynices: the expedition failed, but the Epigoni, the sons of the Seven against Thebes, conquered the city ten years later.2. (italics) a tragedy (468? B.C.) by Aeschylus.
* * *in Greek mythology, the seven champions who were killed fighting against Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, the king of that city. The twins Eteocles and Polyneices, who had been cursed by their father, Oedipus, failed to agree on which of them was to succeed to the Theban throne and decided to rule in alternate years. As Eteocles' turn came first, Polyneices withdrew to Argos, where he married Argeia, daughter of King Adrastus. Another daughter, Deipyle, married Tydeus, son of the exiled king Oeneus of Calydon. At the end of the year, Polyneices' turn came to rule Thebes. When Eteocles refused to give up the throne, Adrastus mobilized an army, whose chieftains, in Aeschylus's tragedy about the Seven, were Tydeus, Capaneus, Eteoclus, Hippomedon, Parthenopaeus, Amphiaraus, and Polyneices. Other authors count Adrastus as one of the Seven and omit Hippomedon or Polyneices. During their assault on the city's seven gates, Capaneus was struck by Zeus's lightning bolt; Amphiaraus was swallowed up by the earth; Polyneices and Eteocles killed each other, fulfilling Oedipus's curse; and the others were killed by the guards at Thebes. When the sons of the dead Seven, the Epigoni, or second generation, had grown to manhood, Adrastus again attacked the city and occupied it after the Thebans had evacuated it by night. He died at Megara on the homeward journey.The story of the Seven was a great favourite in antiquity. It is the subject not only of the lost epic the Thebaid and of Aeschylus's tragedy Seven Against Thebes but also of Euripides' play Phoenician Women.
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Seven Against Thebes — Scene from the Seven against Thebes: Capaneus scales the city wall of Thebes, Campanian red figure amphora, ca. 340 BC, Getty Villa (92.AE.86) Written by … Wikipedia
Seven against Thebes — n. Gr. Myth. the expedition of seven heroes, including Polynices, to recover his share of the throne of Thebes from his brother Eteocles: subject of a tragedy by Aeschylus … English World dictionary
Seven against Thebes — 1. Class. Myth. seven heroes, Amphiaraus, Capaneus, Eteoclus, Hippomedon, Parthenopaeus, Polynices, and Tydeus, who led an expedition against Thebes to depose Eteocles in favor of his brother Polynices: the expedition failed, but the Epigoni, the … Useful english dictionary
Seven against Thebes — plural noun Greek Legend the seven heroes (Adrastus, Amphiaraus, Capaneus, Hippomedon, Parthenopaeus, Polynices, and Tydeus) who made an expedition against Thebes to seat Polynices on the throne. They were defeated, but ten years later the sons… … Australian English dictionary
seven — O.E. seofon, from P.Gmc. *sebun (Cf. O.S. sibun, O.N. sjau, O.Fris. sowen, siugun, Du. zeven, O.H.G. sibun, Ger. sieben), from PIE *septm (Cf. Skt. sapta, Avestan hapta, Hitt. shipta, Gk. hepta, L … Etymology dictionary
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Thebes (Achaia Secunda) — Thebes † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Thebes (THEBAE) A metropolitan titular see of Achaia Secunda. The city was founded by the Phoenician Cadmus in the sixteenth century B.C., afterwards made illustrious by the legends of Laius,… … Catholic encyclopedia
THEBES — THEBES, city in E. central Greece. Benjamin of Tudela, the 12th century traveler, found 2,000 Jews in Thebes. They worked in silk dyeing. The city was renowned throughout Greece for these artisans and for its weaving mills. Judah Al Ḥarizi, who… … Encyclopedia of Judaism