serval

/serr"veuhl/, n., pl. servals, (esp. collectively) serval.
a long-limbed, nocturnal African cat, Felis serval, about the size of a bobcat, having a tawny coat spotted with black: now rare in many former habitats.
[1765-75; < NL < Pg (lobo) cerval lynx, lit., staglike (wolf) < LL cervalis deerlike, equiv. to L cerv(us) stag + -alis -AL1]

* * *

Long-limbed cat (Felis serval) of sub-Saharan Africa found in grass-and bush-covered country near water.

It has a long neck and large, cupped ears. It is 32–40 in. (80–100 cm) long, has an 8–12-in. (20–30-cm) tail, stands about 20 in. (50 cm), and may weigh over 30 lbs (15 kg). Its long coat is yellowish to reddish brown above and whitish below, with black spots or stripes; there are some all-black servals in Kenya.

Serval (Felis serval)

Christina Loke
Photo Researchers

* * *

mammal
 (Felis serval), long-limbed cat, family Felidae, found in Africa south of the Sahara, especially in grass- and bush-covered country near water. A swift, agile cat, the serval climbs and leaps very well. It is a nocturnal hunter preying on birds and small mammals such as rodents and hares.

      The serval is a slender cat with a long neck, small head, and large, slightly cupped ears. The adult is 80 to 100 centimetres (32 to 40 inches) long, the tail accounting for an additional 20–30 cm. It stands about 50 cm at the shoulder and weighs about 15 kilograms (33 pounds). The coat is typically long and whitish on the underparts and yellowish to reddish brown above, liberally marked with black spots and stripes. These bold markings are replaced by smaller spots or specks on some individuals, which are known as servaline cats and were once considered a distinct species (Felis brachyura or servalina). All-black individuals are found in some populations, especially those from the high country of Kenya.

      The female serval normally bears a litter of two to four kittens; the gestation period has been given as 68 to 74 days.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Serval — Systematik Ordnung: Raubtiere (Carnivora) Überfamilie: Katzenartige (Feloidea) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • serval — [ sɛrval ] n. m. • 1761; port. cerval « cervier » ♦ Petit félin de la savane, à la robe tigrée. Des servals. ● serval, servals nom masculin (portugais cerval, cervier, du latin cervus) Grand chat sauvage de l Afrique intertropicale, haut sur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Serval — Ser val, n. [Cf. F. serval.] (Zo[ o]l.) An African wild cat ({Felis serval}) of moderate size; called also {serval cat}. It has rather long legs and a tail of moderate length. Its color is tawny, with black spots on the body and rings of black on …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • serval — SERVÁL s.m. (zool.) Pisică mare din Africa, căutată pentru blana sa. [< fr. serval, cf. port. cerval]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 08.09.2005. Sursa: DN  SERVÁL s. m. mic mamifer carnivor nocturn din Africa, cu coada scurtă, pentru blana sa… …   Dicționar Român

  • Serval — puede referirse a: Serval, comuna francesa situada en Aisne. Leptailurus serval, felino africano. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • serval — African wild cat, 1771, from Mod.L. serval, Fr. serval (Buffon, 1765), from Port. (lobo) cerval “lynx,” from L. lupus cervarius (Cf. Fr. loup cervier) lynx, lit. wolf that hunts the stag, from cervarius pertaining to a stag, from cervus stag… …   Etymology dictionary

  • serval — [sʉr′vəl] n. pl. servals or serval [Fr < Port (lobo) cerval < L (lupus) cervarius, lynx, lit., deer wolf: see WOLF & CERVINE] an African wildcat (Leptailurus serval) with a black spotted, tawny coat, long legs, and no ear tufts …   English World dictionary

  • Serval — Serval, 1) (Felis serval L.), Art der eigentlichen Katzen, gelblich, mit ungeregelten schwarzen Flecken, im Nacken vier, zwischen den Schultern fünf schwarze Längsstreifen, schwarz geringeltem, steifem Schwanz, welcher nicht halb so lang als der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Serval — (Buschkatze, Felis Serval Schreb.), Raubtier aus der Familie der Katzen, ist 1 m lang, mit 30–35 cm langem Schwanz, 50 cm hoch, schlank gebaut, hochbeinig, mit zugespitzten Ohren und dichter, rauher Behaarung, fahlgelb, bisweilen grau oder… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Serval — Serval, Buschkatze, afrik. Tigerkatze (Felis serval Schreb. [Abb. 1730]), Raubtier aus der Familie der Katzen, gelblich, mit schwarzen Flecken; Afrika. Fell bei ostafrik. Negerstämmen Abzeichen der Königswürde …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • serval — sèrvāl m <G servála> DEFINICIJA zool. zvijer (Felis serval) iz porodice mačaka, slična risu, živi po savanama tropske Afrike ETIMOLOGIJA port. (lobo) cerval: jelenski (vuk) ← lat. cervalis: jelenski, kao jelen ≃ cervus: jelen …   Hrvatski jezični portal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.