sanguine

sanguinely, adv.sanguinity, sanguinness, n.
/sang"gwin/, adj.
1. cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident: a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations.
2. reddish; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.
3. (in old physiology) having blood as the predominating humor and consequently being ruddy-faced, cheerful, etc.
4. bloody; sanguinary.
5. blood-red; red.
6. Heraldry. a reddish-purple tincture.
n.
7. a red iron-oxide crayon used in making drawings.
[1275-1325; ME sanguyne a blood-red cloth < OF sanguin < L sanguineus bloody, equiv. to sanguin-, s. of sanguis blood + -eus -EOUS]
Syn. 1. enthusiastic, buoyant, animated, lively, spirited.
Ant. 1. morose.

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art
 chalk or crayon drawing done in a blood-red, reddish, or flesh colouring. The pigment employed is usually a chalk or clay containing some form of iron oxide. Sanguine was used extensively by 15th- and 16th-century artists such as Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci, Leonardo) (who employed it in his sketches for the Last Supper), Michelangelo, Raphael, and Andrea del Sarto.

      Especially appropriate for rendering effects of mass and atmosphere, sanguine was greatly favoured by the Venetian painters and by those artists, such as Peter Paul Rubens (Rubens, Peter Paul) and Antoine Watteau (Watteau, Antoine), who were influenced by them. In conjunction with black and white, sanguine formed the technique known as aux trois crayons (“with three pencils”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • sanguine — [ sɑ̃gin ] n. f. • 1564; pierre sanguine XIIIe; de sanguin 1 ♦ Variété d hématite rouge. ♢ (1694) Crayon fait de cette matière, d un rouge ocre ou pourpre. ♢ Par ext. Dessin exécuté avec ce crayon. Une sanguine de Watteau. Lithographie imitant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sanguine — San guine, a. [F. sanguin, L. sanguineus, fr. sanguis blood. Cf. {Sanguineous}.] 1. Having the color of blood; red. [1913 Webster] Of his complexion he was sanguine. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Like to that sanguine flower inscribed with woe. Milton …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sanguine — refers to a reddish, often tending to brown, color of chalk used in drawing. The word may also refer to a drawing done in sanguine. TechniqueSanguine lends itself naturally to sketches, life drawings, and rustic scenes. It is ideal for rendering… …   Wikipedia

  • sanguine — Sanguine. s. f. Sorte de mine rouge, de pierre rouge dont on fait du crayon. Dessiner avec de la sanguine. un crayon de sanguine. Sanguine, se dit aussi, d Une sorte de pierre precieuse de couleur de sang …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Sanguine — San guine, n. 1. Blood color; red. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. Anything of a blood red color, as cloth. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] In sanguine and in pes he clad was all. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 3. (Min.) Bloodstone. [1913 Webster] 4. Red crayon. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanguine — early 14c., type of red cloth, from O.Fr. sanguin (fem. sanguine), from L. sanguineus of blood, also bloody, bloodthirsty, from sanguis (gen. sanguinis) blood (see SANGUINARY (Cf. sanguinary)). Meaning blood red is recorded from late 14c. Meaning …   Etymology dictionary

  • sanguine — sanguine, sanguinary Both words are derived from the Latin word sanguis (stem sanguin ) meaning ‘blood’. Sanguine originally meant ‘blood coloured’ but now primarily means ‘optimistic, confident’ from an earlier association of blood (one of the… …   Modern English usage

  • sanguine — [adj1] happy; optimistic animated, assured, buoyant, cheerful, confident, enthusiastic, expectant, hopeful, lively, positive, secure, self assured, self confident, spirited, undoubtful, upbeat; concepts 403,542 Ant. depressed, pessimistic, sad,… …   New thesaurus

  • Sanguine — San guine, v. t. To stain with blood; to impart the color of blood to; to ensanguine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanguine — adjective anticipative, assured, bright, buoyant, cheerful, confident, encouraged, enthusiastic, expectant, full of hope, hopeful, in good spirits, inspirited, optimistic, reassured, sanguineous, trustful, trusting, undespairing, undoubting… …   Law dictionary

  • SANGUINE — abluendi fortuitae caedis reum apud Athenienses ritus vide supra voce Abannatio it. Pharmaci …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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