- /seuh lair"noh, -lerr"-/; It. /sah lerdd"naw/, n.a seaport in SW Italy: taken by U.S. forces September 1943. 161,598.
* * *City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 144,078), southern Italy.Located on the Gulf of Salerno, it was founded by the Romans in 197 BC on the site of an earlier town. Part of a Lombard duchy from AD 646, it was the capital of an independent Lombard principality from 839 to с 1076. It was then conquered by the Norman Robert Guiscard and became his capital. It was later incorporated into the Kingdom of Naples. During World War II, Salerno's coast was the scene of a major battle (September 1943) between Allied landing forces and German troops. It is an active seaport in an industrial area; its landmarks include a medical school (the earliest in Europe, probably founded in the 9th century) and the cathedral (845, rebuilt 1076–85) that contains the tombs of St. Matthew and Pope Gregory VII.
* * *▪ ItalyLatin Salernum,city, Campania regione, southern Italy. It lies west of the mouth of the Irno River on the Gulf of Salerno, southeast of Naples. The Roman colony of Salernum was founded in 197 BC on the site of an earlier town, possibly Etruscan, called Irnthi. Part of the Lombard duchy of Benevento from AD 646, it became the capital of an independent Lombard principality in 839 until it was conquered by the Norman Robert Guiscard and became his splendid capital. Sacked by the Swabian Hohenstaufens in 1194, it revived under Giovanni da Procida, hero of the war of the Sicilian Vespers against the French (1282) and a native of Salerno, who enlarged the port and started a great annual fair. In 1419 Salerno passed to the Colonna and later to the Orsini and the Sanseverino before reverting to the Kingdom of Naples.Much of Salerno's historic interest derives from its medical school—the earliest in Europe—which flourished there in the 11th and 12th centuries and to which flocked students from Europe, Asia, and northern Africa; it still exists.In World War II, the Salerno coast was the scene of a battle (Sept. 8–18, 1943) between Allied landing forces and the Germans. Parts of the old episcopal city suffered great damage before the British 8th Army arrived from Calabria and forced the Germans to withdraw.Ruins of the castle of Arechi, prince of Benevento, and the remains of a palace survive from the Lombard period; but the city's principal monument is the San Matteo (St. Matthew) Cathedral founded in 845 and rebuilt in 1076–85 by Robert Guiscard. In the crypt is the sepulchre of St. Matthew, whose body, according to legend, was brought to Salerno in the 10th century. The cathedral also contains the tomb of Pope Gregory VII.An active Tyrrhenian seaport, Salerno is on the Naples–Reggio di Calabria railway. The city's main industrial products and exports are foodstuffs, construction materials, textiles, machinery, ceramics, and wrought ironwork. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 134,820.
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Salerno — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Salerno Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Salerno — Salerno … Deutsch Wikipedia
Salerno — • Diocese in Campania, Southern Italy. The city is situated on the gulf of the same name, backed by a high rock crowned with an ancient castle Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Salerno Salerno … Catholic encyclopedia
SALERNO — SALERNO, city in Campania, S. Italy. A Latin tombstone of the daughter of a rabbi called Abundantius shows that a Jewish settlement existed in Salerno as early as the 3rd or 4th century. In the Middle Ages the town was the seat of a famous… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Salerno  — Salerno, 1) Meerbusen von S. (sonst Posidoniates, Paestanus sinus), Busen des Tyrrhenischen Meeres an der neapolitanischen Provinz Principato citeriore zwischen den Caps Campanella u. Licosa u. Conea, Orso etc.; in ihn münden der Sele, Tusciano u … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Salerno — [sə lʉr′nəmsə ler′nō, səlʉr′nō] seaport in S Italy, on an inlet (Gulf of Salerno) of the Tyrrhenian Sea: pop. 148,000: ancient name Salernum [sə lʉr′nəm] … English World dictionary
Salerno  — Salerno, Andrea di S., s. Sabbatino … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Salérno  — Salérno (früher auch Principato citeriore genannt), ital. Provinz mit gleichnamiger Hauptstadt in der Landschaft Campania, grenzt an das Tyrrhenische Meer und die Provinzen Neapel, Caserta, Avellino und Potenza und umfaßt 4964 qkm (90,2 QM.) mit… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Salérno  — Salérno, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), liegt reizend am Nordende des nach ihr benannten Golfs des Tyrrhenischen Meeres (s. Karte »Umgebung von Neapel«), der nördlich durch die Halbinsel von Sorrent mit der Punta della… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Salerno — Salerno, Hauptstadt der ital. Prov. S. (früher Principato citeriore, 4964 qkm, 1905: 569.440 E.; Kampanien) am Golf von S., (1901) 42.727 E., Kathedrale (seit 1084, mit antiken Säulen), im Mittelalter berühmte mediz. Hochschule (1817 aufgehoben) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Salerno — Salerno, bei den Alten Salernum, Hauptstadt der neapolit. Provinz Principato citeriore, liegt an einem schönen Meerbusen, hat 12000 E., schönen Dom, einigen Handel. Im Mittelalter besaß S. von 840–1077 eigene Herzoge langobardischen Stammes; die… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon