Rye

/ruy/, n.
a city in SE New York, on Long Island Sound. 15,083.

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Cereal grass (Secale cereale) and its edible grain, used to make rye bread and rye whiskey, as livestock feed, and as a pasture plant.

Native to South Asia, today it is grown extensively in Europe, Asia, and North America. It is planted mainly where climate and soil are relatively unfavourable for other cereals and as a winter crop where temperatures are too cold for winter wheat. Rye thrives at high altitudes and is the most winter-hardy of all small grains. It is high in carbohydrates and provides small quantities of protein, potassium, and B vitamins. Only rye and wheat have the necessary qualities to make a loaf of bread, but rye lacks the elasticity of wheat and thus is frequently blended with wheat flour. The tough fibrous straw of rye is used for animal bedding, thatching, mattresses, hats, and paper. Rye may be grown as a green manure crop.

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      town (parish), Rother district, administrative county of East Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England, on a hill by the River Rother. The community's cobbled streets and timber-framed and Georgian houses attract many tourists. Originally a seaport, Rye was incorporated in 1289 and became a full member of the Cinque Ports (a confederation of English Channel ports) in about 1350. Edward III walled the town, but of the three original 14th-century entrance gates, only Land Gate remains, together with the earlier Ypres Tower (12th century). Buildings of special interest include the Mermaid Inn (1420) and the 18th-century house in which the novelist Henry James spent his later years. From the 15th century the port declined as silting proceeded (the sea is now 2 miles [3 km] away), and the town has grown little outside its medieval perimeter. Pop. (2001) 4,009.

      city and town (township), on Long Island Sound, in Westchester county, southeastern New York, U.S. The original town site, at Pendingo Neck, was first settled (1660) by a company of men from Greenwich, Connecticut, who had purchased the land from the Siwanoy Indians; they named it (1665) for Rye in Sussex, England.

      The Village of Rye, which was separately incorporated in 1904 and already a popular beach resort, developed rapidly as a residential suburb of New York City (24 miles [39 km] southwest) with the advent of trolley cars and commuter trains; it was chartered as a city in 1942. Its Square House (once the Haviland Inn, c. 1731) was a stopping place on the old Boston Post Road.

      The town of Rye, which surrounds but does not include the city, also encompasses the village of Port Chester (incorporated 1868) and part of the village of Mamaroneck (1895). Playland, an amusement park (opened 1928), has original Art Deco style buildings. Area town, 7 square miles (18 square km). Pop. (1990) city, 14,936; town, 39,524; (2000) city, 14,955; town, 43,880.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rye — rye …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Rye — steht für: in Dänemark Gammel Rye, früher nur Rye in England: Rye (East Sussex) in Australien: Rye (Victoria) in den USA: Rye (Arizona) Rye (Arkansas) Rye (Colorado) Rye (New Hampshire) Rye (New York) Rye (Texas) Fluss Rye (Fluss) in England Rye… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rye — [ raj ] n. m. • 1907; mot angl. amér., abrév. de rye whisky, de rye « seigle » ♦ Anglic. Whisky de seigle, pur ou mélangé. « Scotch, bourbon ou rye ? » (Simenon). ⊗ HOM. Raï; poss. rail. ● rye nom masculin (mot américain) Whisky canadien, à base… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rye — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rye puede referirse a: Abrviatura científica de botánicos Barbara Lynette Rye (1952 ) Localidades Rye, comuna francesa situada en la región de Franco Condado, departamento de Jura. Rye, localidad en el condado de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rye — 〈[raı] m.; ; unz.〉 amerikanischer Whiskey, dessen Getreidemaische zu mindestens 50 % aus Roggen besteht [engl., „Roggen, Roggenwhiskey“] * * * Rye [raɪ], der; , s [engl. rye, eigtl. = Roggen]: amerikanischer Whiskey, dessen ↑ Maische (2)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rye — (r[imac]), n. [OE. rie, reie, AS. ryge; akin to Icel. rugr, Sw. r[*a]g, Dan. rug, D. rogge, OHG. rocco, roggo, G. rocken, roggen, Lith. rugei, Russ. roje, and perh. to Gr. o ryza rice. Cf. {Rice}.] 1. (Bot.) A grain yielded by a hardy cereal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rye — Rye, NY U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 14955 Housing Units (2000): 5559 Land area (2000): 5.777305 sq. miles (14.963150 sq. km) Water area (2000): 14.242459 sq. miles (36.887797 sq. km) Total area (2000): 20.019764 sq. miles (51.850947… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • rye — rye1 [rī] n. [ME < OE ryge, akin to Ger roggen < IE base * wrughyo , rye > Lith rugỹs, rye grain] 1. a hardy cereal grass (Secale cereale) widely grown for its grain and straw 2. the grain or seeds of this plant, used for making flour… …   English World dictionary

  • rye — [raı] n [U] [: Old English; Origin: ryge] 1.) a type of grain that is used for making bread and ↑whisky ▪ rye bread 2.) also .rye whiskey AmE a type of American ↑whisky made from rye …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • rye — [ raı ] noun uncount a plant that produces grain used for making food or WHISKEY (=a strong alcoholic drink), and for feeding animals a. bread made from rye grain: pastrami on rye b. whiskey made from rye grain …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Rye, CO — U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 202 Housing Units (2000): 119 Land area (2000): 0.100175 sq. miles (0.259451 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.100175 sq. miles (0.259451 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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