rotunda

/roh tun"deuh/, n.
1. a round building, esp. one with a dome.
2. a large and high circular hall or room in a building, esp. one surmounted by a dome.
[1680-90; alter. of It rotonda, n. use of fem. of rotondo < L rotundus ROTUND]

* * *

In Classical and Neoclassical architecture, a building or room that is circular in plan and covered with a dome.

The Pantheon is a Classical Roman rotunda. The Villa Rotonda at Vicenza, designed by Andrea Palladio, is an Italian Renaissance example. The central hall of the U.S. Capitol is an example of the rotunda in its familiar role as part of a monumental public building.

* * *

      in Classical and Neoclassical architecture, building or room within a building that is circular or oval in plan and covered with a dome. The ancestor of the rotunda was the tholus (tholos) of ancient Greece, which was also circular but was usually shaped like a beehive above.

      An example of a Classical Roman rotunda is the Pantheon erected at Rome about AD 124. The Villa Rotonda (Capra) at Vicenza is an Italian Renaissance example, designed by the influential architect Andrea Palladio. Begun in 1550, the building features a large central hall that is circular and has a low dome. It was later copied by English architects in such manor houses as Chiswick House, begun in 1725 in London. In the gardens of Chiswick House is a rotunda that serves as a gazebo, or pavilion. The central hall of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., and the rotunda of the General Grant National Memorial (Grant's Tomb) in New York City are examples of the rotunda in its familiar role as part of a monumental public building.

      Sometimes the term rotunda is also used in reference to the dome itself, whether or not the area beneath it is a single oval or circular room. In this sense, the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral in London is a rotunda.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rotunda — may refer to: *Rotunda (architecture), any building with a circular ground plan, often covered by a dome *Rotunda (script), a specific medieval blackletter script *Pentagonal rotunda, a polyhedral solid formed from half an icosidodecahedronPlaces …   Wikipedia

  • Rotunda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La letra gótica rotunda es un tipo de letra que pertenece al grupo de estilos caligráficos surgidos en el periodo gótico durante los siglos XIII XIV, en oposición a la escritura antigua (antiqua) que hacía referencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rotunda — Ro*tun da, n. [Cf. It. rotonda, F. rotonde; both fr. L. rotundus round. See {Rotund}, a.] (Arch.) A round building; especially, one that is round both on the outside and inside, like the Pantheon at Rome. Less properly, but very commonly, used… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rotunda — see FENESTRA ROTUNDA …   Medical dictionary

  • rotunda — round building, 1680s, from It. rotonda, especially the Pantheon, from L. rotunda, fem. of rotundus round (see ROTUND (Cf. rotund)). Meaning circular hall or room within a building is from 1780 …   Etymology dictionary

  • rotunda — [rō tun′də] n. [It rotonda < L rotunda, fem. of rotundus: see ROTUND] a round building, hall, or room, esp. one with a dome …   English World dictionary

  • Rotunda — (31. Aug.), Klosterfrau zu Bobbio, steht bei den Boll. unter den Uebergangenen …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Rotunda — Rotunda, eigentlich ein jedes Gebäude von runder Form, dann besonders das Pantheon zu Rom (s. d.), oder ein solches im Kleinen als Lusthaus, Sternwarte, Gartentempel etc …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • rotunda — s. f. 1. Construção circular que termina em cúpula arredondada. 2. Praça ou largo, de forma circular, onde desembocam várias ruas e o trânsito se processa em sentido giratório …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • rotunda — rotùnda ž DEFINICIJA 1. varijanta pisma gotičke minuskule (13. i 14. st.) 2. v. rotonda ETIMOLOGIJA lat. rotundus: okrugao …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • rotunda — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ia, CMc. rotundaudzie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} konstrukcja architektoniczna na planie koła; także: duża, okrągła sala : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Rotundy romańskie. {{/stl 10}}{{stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.