rose window

a circular window decorated with tracery symmetrical about the center. Cf. wheel window.
[1765-75]

* * *

In Gothic architecture, a decorated circular window, often glazed with stained glass, that first appeared in mid-12th-century cathedrals.

It was used mainly at the western end of the nave and the ends of the transept. The bar tracery of a High Gothic rose window consisted of a series of radiating forms, each tipped by a pointed arch at the outside of the circle. The rose windows of Notre-Dame de Paris are particularly noteworthy. In later Flamboyant-style tracery, the radiating elements consisted of an intricate network of wavy, double-curved bars.

* * *

also called  wheel window 

      in Gothic architecture, decorated circular window, often glazed with stained glass. Scattered examples of decorated circular windows existed in the Romanesque period (Santa Maria in Pomposa, Italy, 10th century). Only toward the middle of the 12th century, however, did the idea appear of making a rich decorative motif out of a round window. At this time the simple rose window became a distinguishing characteristic of many transitional and early Gothic churches. It was used mainly at the west end of the nave and the ends of the transepts. The introduction of developed bar tracery in the 13th century gave a compelling impetus to rose window design.

      The general scheme of a rose window's tracery consisted of a series of radiating forms, each of which was tipped by a pointed arch at the outside of the circle. The bars between these forms were joined at the centre by a pierced circle of stone, and the forms themselves frequently were treated like little traceried windows with subsidiary, subdividing bars, arches, and foiled circles. The major examples of this High Gothic type are largely French, in which the rose window achieved its greatest medieval popularity. Those of the cathedrals of Reims, Amiens, and Notre-Dame at Paris, all of the 13th century, are particularly noteworthy.

      The introduction of Flamboyant tracery changed the character of the French rose window. The radiating elements consisted of an intricate network of wavy, double-curved bars, creating new geometric forms and flame shapes, as well as furnishing a diagonal bracing to the whole composition, adding to its structural strength. The early 16th-century transept rose of the Beauvais cathedral is an example.

      Early in its development, the rose window spread throughout Europe. Examples are to be found in Italy (S. Zeno Maggiore in Verona, the cathedral of Carrara), Spain (Burgos cathedral), England (Lincoln cathedral), and Germany and central Europe.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rose window — Rose Rose, n. [AS. rose, L. rosa, probably akin to Gr. ?, Armor. vard, OPer. vareda; and perhaps to E. wort: cf. F. rose, from the Latin. Cf. {Copperas}, {Rhododendron}.] 1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus {Rosa}, of which there… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rose Window — • A circular window, with mullions and traceries generally radiating from the centre, and filled with stained glasses Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rose Window     Rose Window …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • rose window — noun count a round window in a church with a pattern in the shape of a rose …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • rose window — rose windows N COUNT A rose window is a large round stained glass window in a church …   English dictionary

  • rose window — ► NOUN ▪ a circular window with mullions or tracery radiating in a form suggestive of a rose …   English terms dictionary

  • rose window — n a circular window in a church, especially one with coloured glass in it …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • rose window — n. a decorative circular window with a roselike symmetrical pattern of tracery divided by mullions arranged like the spokes of a wheel …   English World dictionary

  • Rose window — A Rose window (or Catherine window) is often used as a generic term applied to a circular window, but is especially used for those found in churches of the Gothic architectural style and being divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery.… …   Wikipedia

  • rose window — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms rose window : singular rose window plural rose windows a round window in a church with a pattern in the shape of a rose …   English dictionary

  • rose window — noun circular window filled with tracery • Syn: ↑rosette • Hypernyms: ↑window * * * noun, pl ⋯ dows [count] : a circular window in a church that is made from stained glass with a decorative pattern * * * ˌrose ˈwindow f24 [rose window …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.