rondo

/ron"doh, ron doh"/, n., pl. rondos. Music.
a work or movement, often the last movement of a sonata, having one principal subject that is stated at least three times in the same key and to which return is made after the introduction of each subordinate theme.
[1790-1800; < It < F rondeau; see RONDEL]

* * *

Musical form characterized by the initial statement and periodic restatement of a melody alternately with contrasting material.

It originated in the French Baroque harpsichord rondeau, where a refrain of 8 or 16 measures is played in alternation with a succession of couplets (episodes) so as to form a chainlike structure of variable length. Most rondos fall into either a five-part (abaca) or a seven-part (abacaba) form. The rondo was very popular in the late 18th and the early 19th centuries, frequently providing the form for the final movements of sonatas, quartets, symphonies, and concertos.

* * *

music
      in music, an instrumental form characterized by the initial statement and subsequent restatement of a particular melody or section, the various statements of which are separated by contrasting material.

      Although any piece built upon this basic plan of alternation or digression and return may be legitimately designated rondo, most rondos conform to one of two basic schemes: the five-part (abaca, with a representing the main theme) and the seven-part (abacaba). The latter is symmetrically balanced, since two essentially ternary (ternary form) aba sections are separated by a contrasting and often extended, if not always developing, c section.

      In another form of rondo, the seven-part scheme may not be symmetrical: the second a section sometimes develops and modulates as it merges with the c section, as in the so-called sonata-rondo form. In the clearest examples of sonata-rondo movements, the second ab forms the recapitulation of the initial ab, and the second b remains in the principal key.

      The rondo was a particularly popular musical structure during the last half of the 18th and the early 19th centuries, when it frequently formed the final movement in sonatas (a famous instance is the "Rondo alla turca" [“Rondo in Turkish style”] in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus)'s Sonata for piano K 331), symphonies (notably those of Joseph Haydn (Haydn, Joseph)), chamber works, and especially concerti (notably Mozart's); it was sometimes used in operas as well. The rondo form also appears in some 18th- and 19th-century slow movements, as in Franz Schubert's Symphony No. 9 in C Major (1828). During the same period, the rondo enjoyed a certain vogue as a separate composition. Well-known examples include Mozart's Rondo in A Minor for piano, K 511 (1787), and his remarkable “Scene with Rondo” for soprano and orchestra with piano, K 505; Ludwig van Beethoven (Beethoven, Ludwig van)'s Two Rondos, Opus 51 (c. 1796–98), and Rondo a capriccio (also known as Rage Over a Lost Penny), Opus 129 (1795); Frédéric Chopin's Krakowiak for piano and orchestra (1828); and Richard Strauss's Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks (1894–95) for orchestra, a rondo that is programmatic (i.e., depicting an extramusical idea).

      The Classical rondo seems to have developed from the keyboard rondeau of the French Baroque, where a refrain of 8 or 16 measures is played in alternation with a succession of couplets (episodes) so as to form a chainlike structure of variable length: abacad, etc. A favourite example of rondeau is François Couperin's Les baricades mistérieuses, from his Pièces de clavecin, Book 2 (1716–17; “Harpsichord Pieces”). This form in turn is related to the rondeau form in medieval poetry.

Mark DeVoto
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rondo — rondo …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Rondo — bezeichnet: Rondo (Musik), eine musikalische Satzform Rondo (Poesie), das Ringelgedicht, eine dem Sonett verwandte Gedichtform Rondo, Werktitel, Namen und Produkte Rondo Ganahl, ein österreichisches, international tätiges Unternehmen der Papier… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • rondo — [ rɔ̃do ] n. m. • 1806; mot it., du fr. rondeau ♦ Dans la sonate et la symphonie classique, Pièce brillante servant de finale, caractérisée par la répétition d une phrase musicale (refrain), entre les couplets. Les rondos de Mozart. ⊗ HOM.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rondó — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El rondó (del francés rondeau, ronda o danza en círculo), es una forma musical basada en la repetición de un tema musical. F. Couperin lo definía como una forma que se basa en «un tema principal que reaparece y se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rondo — Rondo, and its French equivalent rondeau, is a word that has been used in music in a number of ways, most often in reference to a musical form, but also in reference to a character type that is distinct from the form. Although now called rondo… …   Wikipedia

  • rondo — RONDÓ, rondouri, s.n. Piesă muzicală instrumentală cu caracter vioi, a cărei temă principală revine periodic în cursul piesei, alternând cu diferite alte teme (episoade sau cuplete). – Din it. rondo. Trimis de baron, 19.01.2003. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Rondo — (Плая дель Инглес,Испания) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Avenida de Tirajana 38, 35100 Пл …   Каталог отелей

  • Rondo 1-B — ist der Name eines Wolkenkratzers in der Innenstadt der polnischen Hauptstadt Warschau am Rondo ONZ 1. Der 40 Etagen hohe Wolkenkratzer ist mit einer Höhe von 194 Metern (164 m ohne Antenne) nach dem Warschauer Kulturpalast und dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rondo i-b — Le Rondo 1 B est un gratte ciel situé dans le centre ville de Varsovie, en Pologne. Il comporte 40 étages et s élève à 164 m, 194 avec son antenne. Après le Palais de la Culture et de la Science et le Warsaw Trade Center, tous deux également à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rondo — Rondo, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 237 Housing Units (2000): 113 Land area (2000): 1.005771 sq. miles (2.604934 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.005771 sq. miles (2.604934 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rondo, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 237 Housing Units (2000): 113 Land area (2000): 1.005771 sq. miles (2.604934 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.005771 sq. miles (2.604934 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.