roach

roach1
/rohch/, n.
1. a cockroach.
2. Slang. the butt of a marijuana cigarette.
[1830-40, Amer.; 1940-45, Amer. for def. 2; short form of COCKROACH]
roach2
/rohch/, n., pl. roaches, (esp. collectively) roach.
1. a European freshwater fish, Rutilus rutilus, of the carp family.
2. any of various similar fishes, as the golden shiner.
3. a freshwater sunfish of the genus Lepomis, found in eastern North America.
[1275-1325; ME roche < OF < ?]
roach3
/rohch/, n.
1. Naut.
a. the upward curve at the foot of a square sail.
b. (loosely) a convexity given to any of the edges of a sail; round.
2. hair combed up from the forehead or temples in a roll or high curve.
v.t.
3. to clip or cut off (the mane of a horse); hog.
4. to comb (hair) into a roach.
[1785-95; orig. uncert.]

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I
Common European sport fish (Rutilus rutilus) of the carp family (Cyprinidae), found in lakes and slow rivers.

A high-backed, yellowish green fish with red eyes and reddish fins, the roach is 6–16 in. (15–40 cm) long and weighs up to 4.5 lbs (2 kg). It lives in small schools and eats plants, insects, and small animals. It is sometimes eaten or used as bait. In North America, other fishes are called roach, including the rudd, the golden shiner (both cyprinids), and several members of the sunfish family (Centrarchidae).
II
(as used in expressions)
Roach Hal
Harold Eugene Roach
Roach Maxwell

* * *

fish
 (Rutilus rutilus), common European sport fish of the carp family, Cyprinidae, widely distributed in lakes and slow rivers. A high-backed, yellowish green fish with red eyes and reddish fins, the roach is about 15–40 cm (6–16 inches) long and weighs up to 2 kg (4 1/2 pounds). It lives in small schools and eats aquatic plants, insects, and other small animals. It is sometimes eaten or used as bait.

      In North America the name roach is also applied to certain other fishes. These include the rudd (q.v.) and golden shiner (see minnow), both cyprinids, and several members of the sunfish (q.v.) family, Centrarchidae.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Roach — can refer to:Animals * Cockroaches * Roach (fish), certain members of family Cyprinidae: ** the genus Rutilus , which includes the Common Roach ( Rutilus rutilus ) ** the California Roach of the monotypic genus Hesperoleucus Other * To clip,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Roach — Roach, n. [OE. rroche; cf. AS. reohha, D. rog, roch, G. roche, LG. ruche, Dan. rokke ray, Sw. rocka, and E. ray a fish.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) (a) A European fresh water fish of the Carp family ({Leuciscus rutilus}). It is silver white, with a greenish… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • roach — ☆ roach1 [rōch ] n. 1. short for COCKROACH 2. Slang the butt of a marijuana cigarette roach2 [rōch] n. pl. roach or roaches [ME roche < OFr < Gmc, as in MLowG roche, OE ruhha, roach, akin to OE ruh, ROUGH …   English World dictionary

  • Roach — Roach, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A cockroach. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roach — Roach, v. t. 1. To cause to arch. [1913 Webster] 2. To cut off, as a horse s mane, so that the part left shall stand upright. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roach —   [rəʊtʃ], Hal, eigentlich Harald Eugene Roach, amerikanischer Filmregisseur und produzent, * Elmira (N. Y.) 14. 1. 1892, ✝ Beverly Hills (Calif.) 2. 11. 1992; kam 1912 zum Film; bekannt durch Komödien der 20er und 30er Jahre, u. a. mit H. Lloyd… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • roach — Ⅰ. roach [1] ► NOUN (pl. same) ▪ a common freshwater fish of the carp family. ORIGIN Old French roche. Ⅱ. roach [2] ► NOUN informal 1) chiefly N. Amer. a cockroach …   English terms dictionary

  • roach — [rəutʃ US routʃ] n [Sense: 1,3; Date: 1800 1900; Origin: cockroach] [Sense: 2; Date: 1100 1200; : Old French; Origin: roche] 1.) AmE informal a ↑cockroach 2.) a type of European fish 3.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • roach — [ routʃ ] noun count 1. ) AMERICAN INFORMAL a COCKROACH 2. ) INFORMAL the end of a cigarette containing MARIJUANA 3. ) a fish that lives in rivers and lakes in Europe …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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