ritornello

/rit'euhr nel"oh/; It. /rddee'tawrdd nel"law/, n., pl. ritornellos, ritornelli /-lee/. Music.
1. an orchestral interlude between arias, scenes, or acts in 17th-century opera.
2. a tutti section in a concerto grosso, aria, etc.
[1665-75; < It, dim. of ritorno RETURN]

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music
Italian“return”also spelled  ritornelle , or  ritornel , plural  ritornelli, ritorellos, ritornelles, or ritornels 

      a recurrent musical section that alternates with different episodes of contrasting material. The repetition can be exact or varied to a greater or lesser extent. In the concerto grosso the full orchestra (tutti) has the ritornello; the solo group (concertino) has the contrasting episodes.

      In the Middle Ages, the term ritornello referred to the last two lines of a madrigal, as well as to a verse form having three lines, with the first and third rhyming. Its function in 17th-century operas and strophic (stanzaic) songs as an instrumental introduction, interlude, or conclusion derives from the popular practice of round-dances reflected already in the 13th- and 14th-century French rondeau (“little circle”). In the late 18th- and early 19th-century rondo (Italianized form), the ritornello often featured a catchy tune as a sort of refrain alternating with more elaborate instrumental excursions.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ritornello — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En terminos musicales, Ritornello o ritornelo, en castellano [1] , es la repetición de una sección o fragmento de una obra. Los signos que se utilizan para indicar la parte que se repite son que significa abrir… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ritornello — (ital., Wiederkehr, Wiederholungsschritt; 1) in Arien u. Concertsätzen für Soloproductionen ein Theil des Stückes, welcher während des Pausirens der Solostimme von den andern Instrumenten wiederholt wird. Dies geschieht bisweilen auch zu Anfange… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ritornello — /ritor nɛl:o/ s.m. [der. di ritornare ]. 1. (metr., mus.) [strofa poetica o brano musicale che si ripetono invariati nel corso di una composizione] ▶◀ intercalare, refrain, ripresa. 2. (fig.) [discorso ripetuto monotonamente troppe volte: ha… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • ritornello — → ritornelo …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • ritornello — [rit΄ər nel′ō; ] It [ rē΄tō̂r nel′lō̂] n. pl. ritornellos or ritornelli [rē΄tō̂r nel′lē] [It, dim. of ritorno, a return < ritornare, to return < ri (< L re ), RE + tornare (< L), to TURN] Music 1. an instrumental interlude before… …   English World dictionary

  • Ritornello — In Baroque music, ritornello was the word for a recurring passage for orchestra in the first or final movement of a solo concerto or aria (also in works for chorus). In ritornello form, the tutti opens with a theme called the ritornello (refrain) …   Wikipedia

  • Ritornello — Ritornelle Rit or*nelle , Ritornello Ri tor*nel lo, n. [It. ritornello, dim. of ritorno return, fr. ritornare to return: cf. F. ritournelle.] (Mus.) (a) A short return or repetition; a concluding symphony to an air, often consisting of the burden …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ritornello — ri·tor·nél·lo s.m. 1. AD TS mus. frase musicale, spec. orecchiabile, ripetuta in una composizione a intervalli regolari: cantare, fischiettare un ritornello Sinonimi: refrain. 2a. TS mus. sullo spartito, segno che indica la ripetizione di un… …   Dizionario italiano

  • ritornello — ritornei англ. [ритонэ/л] Ritornell нем. [риторнэ/ль] ritornello ит. [риторнэ/ллё] ritournelle фр. [ритурнэ/ль] ритурнель …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • ritornello — noun (plural ritornelli or nellos) Etymology: Italian, diminutive of ritorno return, from ritornare to return, from ri re + tornare to turn, from Latin, to turn on a lathe more at turn Date: 1675 1. a. a short recurrent instrumental passage in a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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