Ritalin

/rit"l in/, Pharm., Trademark.
a brand of methylphenidate in its hydrochloride form.

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A mild form of amphetamine used in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), generic name methylphenidate.

Ritalin, taken as a pill, also has been effective for the treatment of other conditions such as narcolepsy. Although the drug acts as a stimulant in most people, Ritalin calms and focuses those with ADHD. Ritalin's mode of action is unknown, but it is thought that the drug reduces symptoms by increasing the amount and activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain.

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drug
generic name  methylphenidate 

      a mild form of amphetamine used in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) (ADHD), a condition that occurs primarily in children and is characterized by hyperactivity, inability to concentrate for long periods of time, and impulsivity. Ritalin, a trade-name drug, also has been effective for the treatment of other conditions such as narcolepsy. Although it acts as a stimulant in most people, Ritalin calms and focuses people with ADHD. Ritalin's mode of action is unknown, but researchers speculate that the drug reduces the symptoms of ADHD by increasing the amount and activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ritalin — trademark a drug that is used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (=a condition that causes people, especially children, to be too active and not able to pay attention for very long) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Ritalin — proprietary name (Ciba Ltd., originally in Switzerland) for drug methylphenidate hydrochloride, copyrighted 1948, years before the drug itself was marketed …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ritalin — [rit′ l in] trademark for a stimulant, C14H19NO2·HCl, used to treat depression, hyperactivity in children, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Ritalin® — /ritˈə lin/ noun A proprietary name for methylphenidate …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ritalin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Methylphenidat Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ritalin — Méthylphénidate Méthylphénidate Structure du Méthylphénidate Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ritalin — [[t]rɪ̱t(ə)lɪn[/t]] N UNCOUNT Ritalin is a drug that is used especially in the treatment of attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. [TRADEMARK] …   English dictionary

  • Ritalin — noun central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children • Syn: ↑methylphenidate • Usage Domain: ↑trade name • Hypernyms: ↑stimulant, ↑stimulant drug, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ritalin — trademark used for a preparation of methylphenidate …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ritalin — …   Википедия

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