rinderpest

/rin"deuhr pest'/, n. Vet. Pathol.
an acute, usually fatal infectious disease of cattle, sheep, etc., caused by a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus and characterized by high fever, diarrhea, and lesions of the skin and mucous membranes. Also called cattle plague.
[1860-65; < G, equiv. to Rinder cattle (pl. of Rind) + Pest pestilence]

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Acute, highly contagious viral disease of ruminants (including wild cloven-hoofed ones), common in Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East.

The virus spreads by close direct or indirect contact. It is the most severe infectious disease of cattle, with sudden onset and high mortality; fever and loss of appetite are followed by symptoms including eye and nasal discharge, laboured breathing, and diarrhea; prostration, coma, and death follow within 6–12 days. Local eradication depends on controlling it in wild animals and eliminating infected domestic animals; vaccination combined with quarantine is effective.

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also called  steppe murrain,  cattle plague , or  contagious bovine typhus 

      an acute, highly contagious viral disease of ruminant animals, primarily cattle, that is common in Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East. It has occurred in Brazil and Australia but was quickly eradicated in those countries. Rinderpest has not been reported in the United States. Rinderpest is the most severe infectious disease of cattle and is characterized by its sudden development and high mortality. Besides cattle, it can seriously affect water buffalo, giraffes, some types of antelopes and wild pigs, and other cloven-hoofed ruminants.

      Rinderpest is caused by a paramyxovirus (genus Morbillivirus) closely related to those that cause measles in humans and viral distemper in dogs. The virus is transmitted by close direct or indirect contact. After an incubation period of three to nine days, fever and loss of appetite occur in an infected animal. These symptoms are followed within a few more days by discharges from the eyes and nose, salivation, mouth ulcers, and a disagreeable, fetid odour. As the virus invades the internal organs, the animal exhibits laboured breathing, dehydration, diarrhea, often with abdominal pain, and eventually marked straining to evacuate. In many cases a skin eruption (streptothricosis) develops on the back and flanks. Prostration, coma, and death come about 6 to 12 days after the first symptoms appear. The actual cause of death is dehydration.

      Modern cell-cultured vaccines are effective in preventing rinderpest. The eradication of the disease in a particular area or region depends on control of the disease in wild animals and the elimination of infected domestic animals. Immunization by vaccine combined with quarantine is the most effective method of control.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rinderpest — Rin der*pest (r[i^]n d[ e]r*p[e^]st), n. [G., fr. rind, pl. rinder, cattle + pest pest, plague.] A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; called also {cattle plague}, {Russian cattle… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rinderpest — Rinderpest, so v.w. Löserdürre …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rinderpest — (Pestis bovina, Löserdürre, in alter Zeit Viehsterben), die verheerendste Seuche des Rindes, für die auch größere wilde Wiederkäuer, weniger die kleinen Hauswiederkäuer empfänglich sind. Die Nachrichten über verheerende Viehseuchen im Altertum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rinderpest — Rinderpest, Rindviehseuche, Löserdürre, verheerende, auf alle Wiederkäuer übertragbare akute, kontagiöse Infektionskrankheit des Rindviehs, bestehend in einem schweren, fieberhaften Allgemeinleiden und einem eigentümlichen Entzündungszustand… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rinderpest — Rinderpest, s. Löserdörre …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Rinderpest — (f) eng cattle plague …   Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz Glossar

  • rinderpest — [rin′dər pest΄] n. [Ger rinder, pl. of rind, horned beast (< IE base * k̑er , head, HORN) + pest, plague] an acute, infectious disease of cattle, sheep, and goats caused by a paramyxovirus and characterized by fever and by hemorrhagic… …   English World dictionary

  • Rinderpest — Ausbruch in Südafrika, 1896 Die Rinderpest ist eine anzeigepflichtige Tierseuche, die Rinder, andere Wiederkäuer und weitere Paarhufer wie Flusspferde und einige asiatische Hausschweinrassen befallen kann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rinderpest — Taxobox color = violet name = Rinderpest virus image width = 240px virus group = V ordo = Mononegavirales familia = Paramyxoviridae genus = Morbillivirus species = Rinderpest virus Rinderpest is an infectious viral disease of cattle, domestic… …   Wikipedia

  • rinderpest — noun Etymology: German, from Rinder, plural, cattle + Pest pestilence Date: 1865 an acute infectious usually fatal disease of ruminant mammals (as cattle) that is caused by a morbillivirus (species Rinderpest virus) and that is marked by fever,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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