remainder

/ri mayn"deuhr/, n.
1. something that remains or is left: the remainder of the day.
2. a remaining part.
3. Arith.
a. the quantity that remains after subtraction.
b. the portion of the dividend that is not evenly divisible by the divisor.
4. Math. the difference between a function or a number and an approximation to it.
5. Law. a future interest so created as to take effect at the end of another estate, as when property is conveyed to one person for life and then to another.
6. remainders, Philately. the quantities of stamps on hand after they have been demonetized or otherwise voided for postal use.
7. a copy of a book remaining in the publisher's stock when its sale has practically ceased, frequently sold at a reduced price.
adj.
8. remaining; leftover.
v.t.
9. to dispose of or sell as a remainder.
[1350-1400; ME < AF, n. use of MF remaindre to REMAIN]
Syn. 1. residuum, remnant, excess, rest, overage. 2. REMAINDER, BALANCE, RESIDUE, SURPLUS refer to a portion left over. REMAINDER is the general word (the remainder of one's life); it may refer in particular to the mathematical process of subtraction: 7 minus 5 leaves a remainder of 2. BALANCE, originally a bookkeeper's term referring to the amount of money left to one's account (a bank balance), is often used as a synonym for REMAINDER: the balance of the day.
RESIDUE is used particularly to designate what remains as the result of a process; this is usually a chemical process, but the word may also refer to a legal process concerning inheritance: a residue of ash left from burning leaves. SURPLUS suggests that what remains is in excess of what was needed: a surplus of goods.

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      in Anglo-American law, a future interest held by one person in the property of another, which, upon the happening of a certain event, will become his own. The holder of this interest is known in legal terms as a remainderman.

      The law recognizes two types of remainder interests: the vested remainder and the contingent remainder. A remainder vests if, at the time it is created, the remainderman exists and is ascertainable, and no condition need first occur to identify him. Thus, when property is given to one person for his life and, at his death, the property is to go to a living third person, that third person has a vested remainder in the property. If, however, property is given to one for his life, the property to go to his heirs at his death, the interest in the property given to his heirs is a contingent remainder, because his heirs will not definitely be known until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • remainder — re·main·der n [Anglo French, from Old French remaindre to remain] 1: an estate in property in favor of one other than the grantor that follows upon the natural termination of a prior intervening possessory estate (as a life estate) created at the …   Law dictionary

  • remainder — remainder, residue, residuum, remains, leavings, rest, balance, remnant can all mean what is left after the subtraction or removal of a part. Remainder is the technical term for the result in the arithmetical process of subtraction {subtract 8… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Remainder — Re*main der (r? m?n d?r), n. [OF. remaindre, inf. See {Remain}.] 1. Anything that remains, or is left, after the separation and removal of a part; residue; remnant. The last remainders of unhappy Troy. Dryden. [1913 Webster] If these decoctions… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • remainder — [ri mān′dər] n. [ME remaindre < Anglo Fr substantive use of OFr inf.: see REMAIN] 1. those remaining 2. what is left when a part is taken away; the rest 3. a copy or number of copies of a book still held by a publisher when the sale has fallen …   English World dictionary

  • Remainder — Re*main der, a. Remaining; left; left over; refuse. [1913 Webster] Which is as dry as the remainder biscuit After a voyage. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • remainder — early 15c., from Anglo Fr. remainder (O.Fr. remaindre), variant of O.Fr. remanoir (see REMAIN (Cf. remain)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • remainder — /ri meində/, it. /re mɛinder/ s. ingl. (propr. resto ), usato in ital. al masch. (comm.) [libro rimasto invenduto, messo in vendita a prezzo ridotto] ▶◀ ⇑ giacenza, rimanenza …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • remainder — /reˈmɛnder, ingl. rɪˈmeɪndə(r)/ [vc. ingl., propriamente «resto», dall ant. fr. remaindre «rimanere»] s. m. inv. (di libro) giacenza di magazzino, fondo di magazzino …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • remainder — [n] balance, residue bottom of barrel*, butt, carry over, detritus, dregs, excess, fragment, garbage, hangover*, heel, junk, leavings, leftover, obverse, oddment, odds and ends*, overplus, refuse, relic, remains, remnant, residuum, rest, ruins,… …   New thesaurus

  • remainder — ► NOUN 1) a part, number, or quantity that is left over. 2) a part that is still to come. 3) the number which is left over in a division in which one quantity does not exactly divide another. 4) a copy of a book left unsold when demand has fallen …   English terms dictionary

  • Remainder — In arithmetic, when the result of the division of two integers cannot be expressed with an integer quotient, the remainder is the amount left over. The remainder for natural numbers If a and d are natural numbers, with d non zero, it can be… …   Wikipedia

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