region

/ree"jeuhn/, n.
1. an extensive, continuous part of a surface, space, or body: a region of the earth.
2. Usually, regions. the vast or indefinite entirety of a space or area, or something compared to one: the regions of the firmament; the regions of the mind.
3. a part of the earth's surface (land or sea) of considerable and usually indefinite extent: a tropical region.
4. a district without respect to boundaries or extent: a charming region in Connecticut.
5. a part or division of the universe, as the heavens: a galactic region.
6. a large indefinite area or range of something specified; sphere: a region of authority.
7. an area of interest, activity, pursuit, etc.; field: studies in the region of logic.
8. an administrative division of a city or territory.
9. Zoogeog. a major faunal area of the earth's surface, sometimes one regarded as a division of a larger area.
10. Anat. a place in or a division of the body or a part of the body: the abdominal region.
11. Math.
a. Also called domain. an open connected set.
b. the union of such a set and some or all of its boundary points.
[1300-50; ME < AF regiun < L region- (s. of regio) direction, line, boundary, equiv. to reg(ere) to rule + -ion- -ION]
Syn. 1. area, section, portion. 4. locale, site, tract, quarter.

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(as used in expressions)
Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia
Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi
Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang

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      in the social sciences, a cohesive area that is homogeneous in selected defining criteria and is distinguished from neighbouring areas or regions by those criteria. It is an intellectual construct created by the selection of features relevant to a particular problem and the disregard of other features considered to be irrelevant. A region is distinguished from an area, which is usually a broader concept designating a portion of the surface of the Earth. Area boundaries are arbitrary, established for convenience. Regional boundaries are determined by the homogeneity and cohesiveness of the section.

      Regions may be nodal, defined by the organization of activity about some central place (e.g., a town and its hinterland, or tributary area), or uniform, defined by the homogeneous distribution of some phenomena within it (e.g., a tropical rain forest).

      Regions may be defined in terms of single or multiple features or in terms that approach the total content of human occupancy of an area. The most common features in social science are ethnic, cultural, or linguistic (Provence), climatic or topographical (the Tennessee Valley), industrial or urban (the Ruhr), economic specialization (the cotton belt of North America), administrative units (standard government regions in Great Britain), and international political areas (the Middle East).

      The concept of region is currently used in analysis, planning, and administration of many national and international public programs. Regionalism, or regional consciousness, the ideological correlate of the concept that develops from a sense of identity within the region, is important in many historical, political, and sociological analyses.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Region — Re gion (r? j?n), n. [F. r[ e]gion, from L. regio a direction, a boundary line, region, fr. regere to guide, direct. See {Regimen}.] 1. One of the grand districts or quarters into which any space or surface, as of the earth or the heavens, is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Region — The article is about the geographic sense of the term. For other uses, including Regions and Regional, see Region (disambiguation).Region is a geographical term that is used in various ways among the different branches of geography. In general, a …   Wikipedia

  • RÉGION — s. f. Grande étendue de pays. Toutes les régions de la terre. Les régions d Asie, d Afrique, etc. Les régions tempérées. Les régions méridionales, septentrionales, orientales, occidentales. Région haute, basse. Région citérieure, ultérieure.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • RÉGION — n. f. Vaste étendue de pays. Toutes les régions de la terre. La domination anglaise s’étend en Afrique sur de nombreuses régions. Il se dit plus particulièrement d’un Ensemble de territoires qui tous présentent certains caractères communs :… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • region — noun Etymology: Middle English regioun, from Anglo French regiun, from Latin region , regio line, direction, area, from regere to direct Date: 14th century 1. an administrative area, division, or district; especially the basic administrative unit …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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