Gela

Ge·la (jĕʹlä)
A city of southern Sicily, Italy, on the Mediterranean Sea. Founded c. 688 B.C. by Greek colonists from Crete and Rhodes, it reached the height of its prosperity in the fifth century B.C. The dramatist Aeschylus lived here. Population: 74,789.

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▪ ancient city, Italy
 town, southern Sicily, Italy, on the Gulf of Gela (of the Mediterranean Sea) with a fertile plain (ancient Campi Geloi) to the north. It was founded by Cretan and Rhodian colonists in about 688 BC and sent forth colonists to found Acragas (now Agrigento, 45 miles [72 km] northwest) in about 581 BC. Gela enjoyed its greatest prosperity under the tyrant Hippocrates of Gela (498–491 BC), whose dominion extended over much of the island, but his even more powerful successor, Gelon, took possession of Syracuse unopposed and transferred his capital and half of the population there in 482. Gela later revived, but it was destroyed by the Carthaginians in 405 BC and abandoned by order of Dionysius I of Syracuse. The inhabitants returned and rebuilt the town but it was only refortified about 337 in the time of the Greek statesman Timoleon (Timoleon of Corinth). In 311 BC the Syracusan tyrant Agathocles put to death more than 4,000 of the inhabitants, and, after its destruction by the Mamertini (Campanian mercenaries) in 281 BC, Phintias of Acragas transferred the remainder to the new town of Phintias (now Licata). Refounded in 1233 by Frederick II, the town was known as Terranova di Sicilia until 1928. In World War II Gela was one of the initial objectives of Allied landings in the invasion of Sicily.

      An archaeological centre of great distinction, Gela's ancient remains include a temple of Athena (5th century BC), Greek fortifications that provide evidence of rebuilding under Timoleon, and the acropolis with a “Timoleontean” quarter on the site of earlier sanctuaries. Vast quantities of rich, decorative terra-cotta revetments have been recovered, and Greek vases found at Gela are famous throughout Europe.

      Gela is the centre of a cotton-growing region. Fishing is important, and petroleum deposits were discovered nearby in the 1950s and are today the basis of a large local petrochemical industry. Pop. (2007 est.) mun., 77,311.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gela — gela …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • gela — gela·da; …   English syllables

  • Gela — Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Italien/Wartung/Wappen fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gela — Gela …   Wikipedia Español

  • Géla — Gela Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gela (homonymie). Gela Vue de Gela Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GELA — Fazello Alicata, celebris urbs Siciliae ad amnem cognom. Eam Rhodii, Antiphemo, et Cretenses, Etimo duce, communi operâ condidêrunt An. 45. post Syracusas. Hinc pop. Gelenses, Cic. Gelani, Plin. l. 3. c. 8. Geloi Virg. Aeu. l. 3. v. 701. Apud… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • gėla — gėlà sf. (4) Š 1. didelis skausmas: Gėlà gelia kaulus, kurius iš narų sukinėja J. Kojų gėlà KI481. Tokia gėlà suėmė, kad negaliu ištūrėti Ll. Vienas gyrėsi pagydąs dantų gėlą A1883,283. Smarkiai gėlai numaldyti kartais reikia ir morfijaus… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Gêla — Gela is a village in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.ee also*List of towns and villages in TibetExternal links and references* [http://fallingrain.com/world/CH/14/Gela.html Fallingrain.com] …   Wikipedia

  • Gela —   [ dʒɛːla], Stadt in der Provinz Caltanissetta, Italien, an der Südküste Siziliens, 73 700 Einwohner; Erdölhafen, petrochemische Großindustrie mit Werksiedlung westlich der Altstadt.   Stadtbild:   Freigelegt wurden im Dünensand erhaltene Reste… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • gėla — gėlà dkt. Strėnų, káulų, dantiẽs gėlà …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • Gela — (a. Geogr.), 1) (Gelas) Fluß auf der Südküste von Sicilien, jetzt Fiume de Terra Nuova; 2) Stadt an demselben; einst mächtig, aber früh verödet. In der Umgegend wuchs guter Wein. G. war dorische Colonie, welche Antiphemos od. Dinomenes aus Lindos …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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