Quintana Roo

/keen tah"nah rddaw"aw/
a sparsely populated state in SE Mexico, on the E Yucatán peninsula. 91,044. Cap.: Chetumal. 19,435 sq. mi. (50,335 sq. km).

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State (pop., 2000: 874,963), eastern Yucatán Peninsula, southeastern Mexico.

It has an area of 19,397 sq mi (50,212 sq km), and its capital is Chetumal. The region was used as a place of exile for political prisoners for many years. Originally created as a territory from parts of Yucatán and Campeche states, it became a state in 1974. It is the site of many Maya ruins. Its main products are chicle (for chewing gum) and a small amount of copra (for producing coconut oil); the latter is produced on the coast near the island of Cozumel (where Hernán Cortés landed in 1519), which is now a popular tourist destination.

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  estado (state), southeastern Mexico, on the eastern side of the Yucatán Peninsula. Its northern shore is on the Yucatán Channel, a passage between the Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, Gulf of) and the Caribbean Sea; it is also bounded by the Caribbean to the east, by Belize and Guatemala to the south, by the state of Campeche to the west, and by the state of Yucatán to the northwest. The state capital, Chetumal, is located on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the Hondo River, on the frontier with Belize.

      Quintana Roo occupies a hot, humid, and heavily forested lowland dotted with cenotes (cenote) (water-filled sinkholes) and limestone caves. The state administers the coastal islands of Contoy, Mujeres, and Cozumel, among others, as well as cays and reefs off the Caribbean coast, which is occasionally struck by tropical storms and hurricanes. Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987, comprises tropical forests and marine reefs southwest of Cozumel Island.

 Dozens of Mayan (Maya) cities rose to prominence in the region in pre-Hispanic times, as evidenced by ruins at El Meco, Tixmul, Cobá, Tulum, and elsewhere. In 1517 the first Spanish landing in Mexico was made at Cape Catoche (Catoche, Cape), on the Yucatán Channel. Many of the present inhabitants are descendants of Maya who rebelled during the Caste War (an indigenous uprising in the Yucatán in 1847–53) and were not conquered again until the early 20th century. In 1902 the Quintana Roo territory was carved from parts of Yucatán and Campeche states. It was named for Andrés Quintana Roo, a writer and leader in the Mexican wars for independence (1810–21). In 1974 it was made a state.

 Quintana Roo is sparsely settled; however, its population began increasing rapidly in the late 20th century, owing largely to growth in tourism that was aided by the construction of major highways and airports in the region. The main attractions in Quintana Roo are the resort cities of Cozumel and Cancún, part of the Maya Riviera, which also includes the city of Playa del Carmen. Cancún has outstripped Chetumal as the state's largest city and commercial centre. Virtually all of the state's income derives from services, including hotels, restaurants, entertainment, and other tourist-related activities. The chief crops are grains and tropical fruits. Mahogany, ebony, and other hardwoods are harvested, and sponges and turtles are caught along the coast.

      State government is headed by a governor, who is elected to a single term of six years. Members of the unicameral legislature (the State Congress) are elected to three-year terms. Quintana Roo is divided into local governmental units called municipios (municipalities), each of which is headquartered in a prominent city, town, or village. Cultural institutions include a museum of Mayan culture and a city museum in Chetumal. The University of Quintana Roo (founded 1991) is located in Chetumal, and  the University of the Caribbean (2000) is in Cancún. Area 19,387 square miles (50,212 square km). Pop. (2000) 874,963; (2005) 1,135,309.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quintana Roo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el municipio del estado vecino de Yucatán, véase Quintana Roo (municipio de Yucatán). Para el prócer de la independencia de México, véase Andrés Quintana Roo. Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo Estado de & …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quintana Roo — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrés Quintana Roo (1787–1851), mexikanischer Politiker und Dichter Quintana Roo bezeichnet: Quintana Roo (Bundesstaat), einen mexikanischen Bundesstaat Diese Seite ist ei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quintana Roo — Quintāna Roo (spr. kin ), Territorium von Mexiko, 1902 von dem Staate Yukatán abgetrennt; Hauptstadt Santa Cruz de Bravo …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quintana Roo — [kin tän′ə rō′ō; ] Sp [ kēn tä′nä rō̂′ō̂] state of SE Mexico, on E Yucatán Peninsula: 19,440 sq mi (50,349 sq km); pop. 493,000; cap. Chetumal …   English World dictionary

  • Quintana Roo — Infobox Settlement name = State of Quintana Roo other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = 140px image seal size = image shield = Escudo de Quintana Roo.png shield size = 70px mapsize …   Wikipedia

  • Quintana Roo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Quintana (homonymie). Quintana Roo Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo État libre et souverain de Quintana Roo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quintana Roo — 1 Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Quintana Roo Country and Admin Code MX.23 MX 2 Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Quintana Roo Country and Admin Code MX.31.060 MX …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Quintana Roo — Sp Kintãna Ròo nkt. Ap Quintana Roo L PR Meksikos v ja …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Quintana Roo — El Estado de Quintana Roo es una de las 32 entidades federativas de México y se ubica al sur de la Península de Yucatán, en la frontera con Centroamérica. Colinda con los estados de Yucatán hacia el norte y Campeche al oeste. Hacia el sur el Río… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Quintana Roo — Quin•ta•na Roo [[t]kinˈtɑ nə ˈroʊ[/t]] n. geg a sparsely populated state in SE Mexico, on the E Yucatán peninsula. 703,536 Cap.: Chetumal 19,435 sq. mi. (50,335 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

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