quietism

quietist, n., adj.quietistic, adj.
/kwuy"i tiz'euhm/, n.
1. a form of religious mysticism taught by Molinos, a Spanish priest, in the latter part of the 17th century, requiring extinction of the will, withdrawal from worldly interests, and passive meditation on God and divine things; Molinism.
2. some similar form of religious mysticism.
3. mental or bodily repose or passivity.
[1680-90; < It quietismo orig., prayer in a state of quietude. See QUIET2, -ISM]

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▪ religious doctrine
      a doctrine of Christian spirituality that, in general, holds that perfection consists in passivity (quiet) of the soul, in the suppression of human effort so that divine action may have full play. Quietistic elements have been discerned in several religious movements, both Christian and non-Christian, through the centuries; but the term is usually identified with the doctrine of Miguel de Molinos (Molinos, Miguel de), a Spanish priest who became an esteemed spiritual director in Rome during the latter half of the 17th century and whose teachings were condemned as heretical by the Roman Catholic Church.

      For Molinos, the way of Christian perfection was the interior way of contemplation to which anyone with divine assistance can attain and that can last for years, even for a lifetime. This contemplation is a vague, undetermined view of God that inhibits man's interior powers. The soul remains in “dark faith,” a state of passive purification that excludes all definite thought and all interior action. To wish to act is an offense against God, who desires to do everything in man. Inactivity brings the soul back to its principle, the divine being, into which it is transformed. God, the sole reality, lives and reigns in the souls of those who have undergone this mystic death. They can will only what God wills because their own wills have been taken away. They should not be concerned about salvation, perfection, or anything else but must leave all to God. It is not necessary for them to perform the ordinary exercises of piety. Even in temptation the contemplative should remain passive. According to Quietist tenets, the devil can make himself master of the contemplative's body and force him to perform acts that seem sinful; but because the contemplative does not consent, they are not sins. Molinos' teachings were condemned by Pope Innocent XI (Innocent XI Blessed) in 1687, and he was sentenced to life in prison.

      Quietism was perhaps paralleled among Protestants by some of the tenets of the Pietists and Quakers. It certainly appeared in a milder form in France, where it was propagated by Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon (Guyon, Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de La Motte, Madame Du Chesnoy), an influential mystic. She gained the support of François de Salignac de la Mothe Fénelon, archbishop of Cambrai, who developed a doctrine of pure love, sometimes called semi-Quietism, which was condemned by Pope Innocent XII in 1699. Both Fénelon and Guyon submitted.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quietism — • Doctrine which declares that man s highest perfection consists in a sort of psychical self annihilation and a consequent absorption of the soul into the Divine Essence even during the present life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Quietism — Qui et*ism, n. [Cf. F. qui[ e]tisme.] 1. Peace or tranquillity of mind; calmness; indifference; apathy; dispassion; indisturbance; inaction. [1913 Webster] 2. (Eccl. Hist.) The system of the Quietists, who maintained that religion consists in the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quietism — QUIETÍSM s.n. v. chietism. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • quietism — (n.) 1680s, from QUIET (Cf. quiet) (adj.) on model of mysticism; originally in reference to the mysticism of Miguel Molinos (1640 1697), Spanish priest in Rome, whose Guida spirituale was published 1675 and condemned by the Inquisition in 1685 …   Etymology dictionary

  • quietism — ► NOUN 1) (in the Christian faith) devotional contemplation and abandonment of the will as a form of religious mysticism. 2) calm acceptance of things as they are. DERIVATIVES quietist noun & adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • quietism — [kwī′ə tiz΄əm] n. [It quietismo < L quietus: see QUIET & ISM] 1. a mysticism based on spiritual passivity; specif., a mysticism so minimizing or so completely rejecting human volition and effort as, often, to produce indifference to one s lot… …   English World dictionary

  • QUIETISM —    the name given to a mystical religious turn of mind which seeks to attain spiritual illumination and perfection by maintaining a purely passive and susceptive attitude to Divine communication and revelation, shutting out all consciousness of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • quietism —    This word (from the Latin quies, meaning rest ), in general, refers to any spirituality that claims that the idealhuman relationship with God should be one of complete passivity. The form of Quietism advocated by Miguel Molinos (1628 1696) was …   Glossary of theological terms

  • quietism — noun Date: 1687 1. a. a system of religious mysticism teaching that perfection and spiritual peace are attained by annihilation of the will and passive absorption in contemplation of God and divine things b. a passive withdrawn attitude or policy …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • quietism — noun a) A form of mysticism involving quiet contemplation. b) A state of passive quietness …   Wiktionary

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