Quiché

/kee chay"/, n.
a Mayan language of Guatemala.

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or K'iche or Kiche

Indian group of the Guatemalan highlands, largest of all ethnic groups speaking a Maya language.

The Quiché Maya had an advanced civilization in pre-Columbian times. Records of their history and mythology are preserved in the Popol Vuh. Traditional Quiché are agricultural. Their homes are thatched huts, and they practice weaving and pottery. Nominally Roman Catholic, they conduct traditional rituals as well. Many were killed or displaced during the Guatemalan military's counterinsurgency campaign of the early 1980s.

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people
also called  Quiché Maya,  

      Mayan Indians living in the midwestern highlands of Guatemala. The Quiché Maya had an advanced civilization in pre-Columbian times, with a high level of political and social organization. Archaeological remains show large population centres and a complex class structure. Written records of Quiché history and mythology are preserved in the Popol Vuh, written down in the Quiché language (using the Latin alphabet) shortly after conquest by the Spaniards in 1524.

      The modern Quiché number 700,000 speakers, the largest of all Mayan linguistic groups, though no sense of ethnic unity derives from this common language. Their language is closely related to Tzutujil and Cakchiquel (qq.v.), which are spoken by neighbouring peoples. They share an essentially uniform culture with the Tzutujil and Cakchiquel as well as with other peoples to the north. The Quiché and their neighbours are agricultural, practicing the hand-tilled farming of corn (maize), beans, and squash that is characteristic in Middle America. They also plant cash crops such as strawberries and peaches. Homes are thatched huts, maintained generally by each family on its own land. Weaving and pottery are widely practiced crafts, and clothing is often traditional.

      The people identify themselves with their community (municipio), oriented around a central village, which in this region often has no permanent inhabitants. Village officials are elected annually. Nominally Roman Catholic, the Quiché are organized into village cofradías, religious societies that maintain the church and organize fiestas for the local patron saints. Pagan myths and rituals are widely practiced, however, and the saints, the Virgin Mary, and the devil are often identified with Mayan divinities. See also Maya.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • QUICHÉ — Indiens Maya parlant la langue quiché, les Quiché habitent les hautes terres tempérées de l’ouest du Guatemala, principalement dans les départements du Quiché, du Totonicapán, du Quezaltenango, du Retalhuleu et du Suchitepéquez. Ils constituent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Quiche — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Quiche mediterráneo con tomates, cebollas, pimientos rojos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quiche — Lorraine Eine Quiche [ki:ʃ] ist eine Spezialität der französischen Küche, die ursprünglich aus dem Raum Lothringen stammt und in der Zubereitung einer Tarte entspricht. Es handelt sich um einen in einer runden flachen Form gebackenen herzhaften… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quiche — • Principal aboriginal tribe of Guatemala Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Quiche     Quiche     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Quiche — 〈[kı̣ʃ] f. 10; frz. Kochk.〉 herzhafte Torte aus Mürbe od. Blätterteig ● Quiche Lorraine [lɔrɛ:n] lothringische Torte mit Auflage aus Speck, Käse u. gewürzter Eiermilch [frz.] * * * Quiche [kiʃ], die; , s [kiʃ] [frz. quiche, wohl aus dem Germ.]… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Quiché — se puede referir a... Etnia quiché, que vive en Guatemala de origen maya. Idioma quiché, una de las lenguas mayenses. Hablada por el grupo étnico Quiché; hablada también en ciertas áreas de Sololá tales como en Argueta, Nahualá y otras de origen… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Quiché — steht für: einen Volksstamm der Maya, siehe Quiché (Volk) die Sprache dieses Volksstamms, siehe Quiché Sprache ein Departamento in Guatemala, siehe Quiché (Departamento) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • quiche — Voz tomada del francés quiche, ‘pastel horneado hecho con una base de pasta sobre la que se pone una mezcla de huevos, leche y otros ingredientes’. Aunque en francés se pronuncia [kísh], en español debe adecuarse la pronunciación a la grafía y… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • quiché — adjetivo,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. De un pueblo amerindio que vive en el oeste de Guatemala: escultura quiché, joven quiché, las quichés. sustantivo masculino 1. Área: linguística Lengua de la familia maya hablada en Guatemala …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Quiche [2] — Quiche (spr. kītschë), Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Departements (92,753 Einw.) der Republik Guatemala, auf der Hochebene nördlich vom Atitlánsee, steht an der Stelle von Utatlan, der ehemaligen Hauptstadt der Quiche, 1524 von Alvarado… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Quiche — 〈 [kı̣ʃ] f.; Gen.: , Pl.: s; Kochk.〉 herzhafte Torte aus Mürbe oder Blätterteig; Quiche Lorraine [lɔrɛ:n] lothringische Torte mit einer Auflage aus Speck, Käse, Eiern u. Milch [Etym.: frz.] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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