- /kah"dee, kay"-/, n., pl. qadis.a judge in a Muslim community, whose decisions are based on Islamic religious law.[ < Ar qadi judge]
* * *Muslim judge who renders decisions according to the Sharīah, the canon law of Islam.The qāḍī hears only religious cases, such as those involving inheritance, pious bequests, marriage, and divorce, though theoretically his jurisdiction extends to civil and criminal matters. The second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattāb, was the first to appoint a qāḍī to eliminate the necessity of his personally judging every dispute that arose in the community.
* * *▪ Muslim judgealso spelled Cadi, or Kadi, Arabic Qāḍī,a Muslim judge who renders decisions according to the Sharīʿah, the canon law of Islām. The qadi hears only religious cases such as those involving inheritance, pious bequests (waqf), marriage, and divorce, though theoretically his jurisdiction extends to both civil and criminal matters. Originally, the qadi's work was restricted to nonadministrative tasks—arbitrating disputes and rendering judgments in matters brought before him. Eventually, however, he assumed the management of pious bequests, the guardianship of property for orphans, imbeciles, and others incapable of overseeing their own interests, and the control of marriages for women without guardians. The qadi's decision in all such matters was final.Because the qadi performed an essential function in early Muslim society, requirements for the post were carefully stipulated: he must be an adult Muslim male of good character, possessing sound knowledge of the Sharīʿah, and a free man. In the 7th and 8th centuries the qadi was expected to be capable of deriving the specific rules of law from their sources in the Qurʾān, Ḥadīth (traditions of the Prophet), and ijmāʿ (consensus of the community). This view was later modified to allow the qadi to accept as absolute the opinions of one of the four orthodox Muslim law schools.The second caliph, Umar Iʿ, was the first to appoint a qadi to eliminate the necessity of his personally judging every dispute that arose in the community. Thereafter it was considered a religious duty for authorities to provide for the administration of justice through the appointment of qadis.
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Qadi — (also known as Qazi or Kazi or Kadi) ( ar. قاضي) is a judge ruling in accordance with the sharia, Islamic religious law. Because Islam makes no distinction between religious and secular domains, qadis traditionally have jurisdiction over all… … Wikipedia
Qadi — Abû Zayd plädiert vor dem Kadi von Ma arra Ein Kadi (oder Qadi, arabisch القاضي al kadi, DMG al qāḍī, „der Richter“ indeterminierte Form: kadin / … Deutsch Wikipedia
Qadi — Cadi Pour les articles homophones, voir Cady et caddie. Un cadi (arabe: قاض [qāḍi], « juge ») est un juge musulman remplissant des fonctions civiles, judiciaires et religieuses. Le cadi est un juge de paix et un notaire, réglant… … Wikipédia en Français
qadi — noun /ˈkɑːdi/ A judge in Sharia law, to whose judgement there is no appeal. [...] consequently legal treatises dealing with the subject usually spoke of the appointment to office of a qadi (taqlīd al qaḍā) rather than [...] … Wiktionary
qadi — qa•di [[t]ˈkɑ di, ˈkeɪ [/t]] n. pl. dis ear a judge in a Muslim community, whose decisions are based on Islamic religious law • Etymology: 1895–1900; < Ar qādī judge … From formal English to slang
QADI — Q A D, Inc. (Business » NASDAQ Symbols) … Abbreviations dictionary
QADI — abbr. Q A D INC NASDAQ … Dictionary of abbreviations
qadi — qa·di … English syllables
qadı — (Borçalı, Qazax, Şəmkir, Tovuz) lovğa … Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti
qadi — noun an Islamic judge • Hypernyms: ↑judge, ↑justice, ↑jurist … Useful english dictionary