Punic Wars

the three wars waged by Rome against Carthage, 264-241, 218-201, and 149-146 B.C., resulting in the destruction of Carthage and the annexation of its territory by Rome.

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or Carthaginian Wars

Three wars (264–241 BC, 218–201, 149–146) between Rome and Carthage.

The first concerned control of Sicily and of the sea lanes in the western Mediterranean; it ended with Rome victorious but with great loss of ships and men on both sides. In 218 Hannibal attacked Roman territory, starting from Spain and marching overland into Italy with troops and elephants. After an initial Carthaginian victory, Fabius Maximus Cunctator harassed him wherever he went without offering battle. Abandoning this tactic resulted in a major Roman loss at the Battle of Cannae (216); that defeat drew the Romans together and, though worn down, they managed to rally, eventually defeating Hannibal and driving him out of Italy (203). The Third Punic War was essentially the siege of Carthage; it led to the destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its people, and Roman hegemony in the western Mediterranean. The Carthaginian territory became the Roman province of Africa.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Punic Wars — n. three wars between Rome and Carthage (264 241 B.C., 218 201 B.C., and 149 146 B.C. ), in which Rome was finally victorious …   English World dictionary

  • Punic Wars — The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BC [Chris Scarre, The Wars with Carthage, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome (London: Penguin Books, 1995), 24 25.] , and were probably the… …   Wikipedia

  • Punic Wars — Pu′nic Wars′ n. pl. the three wars waged by Rome against Carthage, 264–241, 218–201, and 149–146 b.c., resulting in the destruction of Carthage and the annexation of its territory by Rome …   From formal English to slang

  • PUNIC WARS —    the name given to the wars between Rome and Carthage for the empire of the world, of date, the first from 264 to 241, the second from 218 to 201, and the third from 149 to 146 B.C., due all to transgressions on the one side or the other of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Punic Wars — /pjunɪk ˈwɔz/ (say pyoohnik wawz) plural noun the three wars waged by Rome against Carthage, 264–241, 218–201, and 149–146 BC, resulting in the overthrow and annexation of Carthage to Rome …   Australian English dictionary

  • Punic Wars — the three wars waged by Rome against Carthage, 264 241, 218 201, and 149 146 B.C., resulting in the destruction of Carthage and the annexation of its territory by Rome …   Useful english dictionary

  • Punic — pertaining to Carthage, 1530s, from L. Punicus, earlier Poenicus Carthaginian, originally Phoenician (adj.), Carthage having been founded as a Phoenician colony, from Poenus (n.), from Gk. Phoinix Phoenician (see PHOENICIAN (Cf. Phoenician)).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Punic — The Punics, (from Latin pūnicus meaning Phoenician) were a group of Western Semitic speaking peoples originating from Carthage in North Africa who traced their origins to a group of Phoenician and Cypriot settlers, but also to North African… …   Wikipedia

  • Punic military forces — The military forces of the Punic people are all military forces from the State of Carthage in North Africa and troops of Punic ethnicity after the destruction of Carthage in the Third Punic War. The polis Carthage had subdued a large region in… …   Wikipedia

  • Punic War, Third — also called  Third Carthaginian War   (149–146 BC), third of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) Empire that resulted in the final destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over… …   Universalium

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