proctitis

/prok tuy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of the rectum and anus.
[PROCT- + -ITIS]

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      acute inflammatory infection of the anus and rectum. The most common cause of proctitis is the direct inoculation of pathogenic microorganisms into the rectum during anal intercourse, but it may be caused by sexually transmitted diseases, Crohn disease, or ulcerative colitis. The usual symptoms include anorectal pain, a purulent or bloody discharge, constipation, and inflammation of the rectal lining. Herpes infections also typically produce fever and rectal ulcers. Therapy is directed at the specific microbial cause, but diagnosis and treatment are often complicated by the presence of multiple sexually transmitted infections in the same individual. When the infection extends beyond the rectum to the sigmoid colon, it is termed proctocolitis; this disorder usually involves the additional symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and fever.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • proctitis — f. anat. patol. Inflamación que se produce en el recto, ya sea a causa de una infección o de una irritación de carácter sanguíneo, como las hemorroides. Generalmente, produce defecación dolorosa, sanguinolenta o diarreica. También se denomina… …   Diccionario médico

  • Proctitis — Proc*ti tis, n. [NL., from Gr. ? anus + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the rectum. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Proctitis — Infobox Disease Name = Proctitis Caption = DiseasesDB = 25171 ICD10 = ICD10|K|51|2|k|50, ICD10|K|62|7|k|55, ICD10|K|62|8|k|55 ICD9 = ICD9|098.7, ICD9|556.2, ICD9|569.49 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 001139 eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 487 …   Wikipedia

  • Proctitis — Inflammation of the rectum. This may be due to a considerable number of causes, among them infectious agents and ulcerative colitis. Infectious proctitis is often due to agents such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrheae (the bacteria… …   Medical dictionary

  • proctitis — n. inflammation of the rectum. Symptoms are ineffectual straining to empty the bowels (tenesmus), diarrhoea, and often bleeding. Proctitis is invariably present in ulcerative colitis and sometimes in Crohn s disease, but may occur independently… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • proctitis — noun An inflammation of the anus and the lining of the rectum. See Also: proctology, proctologist …   Wiktionary

  • proctitis — ► femenino MEDICINA Inflamación del recto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • proctitis — n. inflammation of the rectum and anus (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • proctitis — [prɒk tʌɪtɪs] noun Medicine inflammation of the rectum and anus. Origin C19: from Gk prōktos anus + itis …   English new terms dictionary

  • proctitis — proc·ti·tis …   English syllables

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