Potawatomi

/pot'euh wot"euh mee/, n., pl. Potawatomis, (esp. collectively) Potawatomi.
a member of an Algonquian Indian people originally of Michigan and Wisconsin.

* * *

people
 Algonquian (Algonquian languages)-speaking tribe of North American Indians who were living in what is now northeastern Wisconsin, U.S., when first observed by Europeans in the 17th century. Their name means “people of the place of the fire.” Like many other Native peoples, the Potawatomi had slowly moved west as the French, British, and Dutch colonies expanded inland from the eastern seaboard; the tribe had originally resided in what is now the lower peninsula of Michigan. They later moved back to lower Michigan and into the region that became Illinois and Indiana.

      The Potawatomi were semisedentary, living in agricultural villages in summer and separating into smaller family groups in autumn as they moved to their winter hunting grounds. Men hunted and fished; women planted and harvested crops and collected wild plant foods. Village dwellings were large bark-covered houses or dome-shaped wickiups (wickiup) or wigwams; these were also used at winter sites. The Potawatomi were divided into several politically independent territorial bands that were linked by kinship and language. Clans whose members traced their descent from a common ancestor through the male line were distributed among the various bands, and clan intermarriage served to unify each band.

      Crowded by settlers, the Potawatomi ceded their lands and moved west of the Mississippi River at the beginning of the 19th century. Many tribal members who resided in Indiana refused to leave until they were driven out by the U.S. military, and some of them escaped into Canada. In 1846 most Potawatomi were again displaced, this time to a Kansas reservation where they became known as the Prairie band. Over the course of their westerly movements, the tribe borrowed cultural features from the Plains Indians (Plains Indian), notably communal bison hunts. In the late 1860s many of the Kansas band moved to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), where they were known as the Citizen Potawatomi.

      Early 21st-century population estimates indicated approximately 26,000 individuals of Potawatomi descent.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Potawatomi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Los Potawatomi son una tribu de lengua algonquina, cuyo nombre procedía de pottawat um ees los que hacen o mantienen el fuego ; ellos, sin embargo, se hacían llamar neshnabek “el pueblo original”. Actualmente se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Potawatomi — Infobox Ethnic group group=Potawatomi poptime= 28,000 popplace=United States (Oklahoma, Kansas, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana), Canada (Ontario) rels=Christianity, other langs=English, Potawatomi related=Ojibwe, Ottawa, and other Algonquian… …   Wikipedia

  • Potawatomi — Indianerstämme im Gebiet der Großen Seen Die Potawatomi (auch Pottawatomie oder Pottawatomi) sind ein Indianerstamm aus der Region des oberen Mississippi River. Die ursprünglich benutzte Potawatomi Sprache kommt aus der Familie der Algonkin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Potawatomi — Potawatomis Potawatomi Danse de la pluie, Kansas, vers 1920 Populations significatives par régions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Potawatomi — noun a) A Native American people of the upper Mississippi River region. b) The Algonquian language spoken by the Potawatomi people …   Wiktionary

  • potawatomi — ► adjetivo sustantivo de género común ETNOGRAFÍA Díc. del indi viduo perteneciente a una tribu algonquina norteamericana, que habitó en el NE de Wisconsin. Los potawatomi eran sedentarios y vivían de la agricultura, de la caza y de la pesca …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Potawatomi — n. American Indian tribe originally from the north central United States n. member of the Potawatomi Indian tribe of the north central United States …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Potawatomi — [ˌpɒtə wɒtəmi] noun (plural same or Potawatomis) 1》 a member of an American Indian people inhabiting the Great Lakes region, principally in Michigan and Wisconsin. 2》 the Algonquian language of the Potawatomi. Origin the name in Ojibwa …   English new terms dictionary

  • Potawatomi — Pot•a•wat•o•mi [[t]ˌpɒt əˈwɒt ə mi[/t]] n. pl. mis, (esp. collectively) mi. 1) peo a member of an American Indian people residing in SW Michigan and E Wisconsin in the 17th century: later widely dispersed, and now living mainly in Kansas,… …   From formal English to slang

  • Potawatomi — /pɒtəˈwɒtəmi/ (say potuh wotuhmee) noun 1. a Native American people of Algonquian stock of Michigan and Wisconsin. 2. (plural Potawatomi or Potawatomis) a member of this people. –adjective 3. of or relating to this people …   Australian English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.