portico

/pawr"ti koh', pohr"-/, n., pl. porticoes, porticos.
a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns or piers, usually attached to a building as a porch.
[1595-1605; < It < L porticus porch, portico. See PORT4]

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Colonnaded porch or entrance to a structure, or a covered walkway supported by regularly spaced columns.

The portico is a principal feature of Greek temple architecture and thus a prominent element in Roman and all subsequent Classically inspired structures.

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      colonnaded porch or entrance to a structure, or a covered walkway supported by regularly spaced columns. Porticoes formed the entrances to ancient Greek temples.

      The portico is a principal feature of Greek temple architecture and thus a prominent element in Roman and all subsequent classically inspired structures. The types of portico furnish the main terms for describing Greek temples. There are two basic plans. If the long walls of a temple extend past the cella, or sanctuary, to form the side walls of the porch or anteroom, these long walls often terminate with antas, an anta being a corner post or pilaster. The open end of the porch, or portico, is then supported by between one and four columns in antis, that is to say, “between the antas.” The temples so constructed are called henostyle (one column), distyle (two columns), tristyle (three columns), or tetrastyle (four columns). No more than four columns were ever used.

      If the temple terminates in a porch that is open at the sides as well as the front, with freestanding columns across the entire portico, the temple is said to be prostyle. The smallest number of columns found supporting a prostyle portico is 4 (tetrastyle), followed by 5 (pentastyle), continuing through 10 (decastyle), and including 12 and 14. An amphiprostyle temple has porticoes in front and in back; a peripteral temple has a colonnade running completely around it; and a dipteral temple has a double line of columns completely surrounding it. The Temple of Artemis Propylaea at Eleusis would therefore be described as tetrastyle amphiprostyle, while the Parthenon at Athens would be described as hexastyle (six-columned) peripteral. The latter was the most favoured temple plan among the ancient Greeks.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Portico — (Монелья,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Loc. Camposoprano 11, 16030 Монелья, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • portico — c.1600, from It. portico, from L. porticus colonnade, arcade, from porta gate (see PORT (Cf. port) (2)). Specifically of the Painted Porch in Athens …   Etymology dictionary

  • Portico — Por ti*co, n.; pl. {Porticoes}or {Porticos}. [It., L. porticus. See {Porch}.] (Arch.) A colonnade or covered ambulatory, especially in classical styles of architecture; usually, a colonnade at the entrance of a building. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Portĭco — Portĭco, Flecken in der toscanischen Präfectur Florenz, am Montone; 2400 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • portico — / pɔrtiko/ s.m. [dal lat. portĭcus us, femm., affine a porta porta e a portus us porto2 ] (pl. ci, ant. chi ). (archit.) [ambiente limitato in uno dei suoi lati da una serie di pilastri e lungo gli altri lati da pareti continue: passeggiare sotto …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • pórtico — s. m. 1. Espaço coberto cuja abóbada é sustentada por colunas e que serve de entrada ou vestíbulo. 2. Porta monumental …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • portico — *colonnade, arcade, arcature, peristyle …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • portico — has the plural form porticoes (preferred) or porticos …   Modern English usage

  • pórtico — (Del lat. portĭcus). 1. m. Sitio cubierto y con columnas que se construye delante de los templos u otros edificios suntuosos. 2. Galería con arcadas o columnas a lo largo de un muro de fachada o de patio …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • portico — ► NOUN (pl. porticoes or porticos) ▪ a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building. ORIGIN Italian, from Latin porticus porch …   English terms dictionary

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