- 1. a field event in which a leap or vault over a crossbar is performed with the aid of a long pole.2. a leap or vault so performed.[1890-95]
* * *Track-and-field event consisting of a vault for height over a crossbar with the aid of a long pole.It became a competitive sport in the mid-19th century and was included in the first modern Olympic Games. In competition, each vaulter is given three chances to clear a specific height. The bar is raised progressively until a winner emerges.
* * *sport in athletics (track and field) in which an athlete jumps over an obstacle with the aid of a pole. Originally a practical means of clearing objects, such as ditches, brooks, and fences, pole-vaulting for height became a competitive sport in the mid-19th century. An Olympic (Olympic Games) event for men since the first modern Games in 1896, a pole-vault event for women was added for the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, Australia.In competition, each vaulter is given three chances to clear a specified height. A bar rests on two uprights so that it will fall easily if touched. It is raised progressively until a winner emerges by process of elimination. Ties are broken by a “count back” based on fewest failures at the final height, fewest failures in the whole contest, or fewest attempts throughout the contest. The pole may be of any material: bamboo poles, introduced in 1904, quickly became more popular than heavier wooden poles; glass fibre became the most effective and popular by the early 1960s. The poles may be of any length or diameter.A slideway, or box, is sunk into the ground with its back placed directly below the crossbar (see illustration—>). The vaulter thrusts the pole into this box upon leaving the ground. A pit at least 5 metres (16.4 feet) square and filled with soft, cushioning material is provided behind the crossbar for the landing.Requirements of the athlete include a high degree of coordination, timing, speed, and gymnastic ability. The modern vaulter makes a run of 40 metres (131.2 feet) while carrying the pole and approaches the takeoff with great speed. As the stride before the spring is completed, the vaulter performs the shift, which consists in advancing the pole toward the slideway and at the same time allowing the lower hand to slip up the pole until it reaches the upper hand, then raising both hands as high above the head as possible before leaving the ground. The vaulter is thus able to exert the full pulling power of both arms to raise the body and help swing up the legs.The vaulter plants the pole firmly in the box, and, running off the ground (rather than jumping), the vaulter's body is left hanging by the hands as long as possible; the quick, catapulting action of the glass-fibre pole makes timing especially important. The legs swing upward and to the side of the pole, and then shoot high above the crossbar. The body twists to face downward. The vaulter's body travels across the crossbar by “carry”—the forward speed acquired from the run.
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Pole vault — Pole vaulting is an athletic field event in which a person uses a long, flexible pole (which today is usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to leap over a bar. Pole jumping competitions were known to the ancient Greeks, as… … Wikipedia
pole vault — pole′ vault n. 1) spo a field event in which a vault over a crossbar is performed with the aid of a long pole 2) spo a vault so performed • Etymology: 1890–95 pole′ vault , v.i. pole′ vault er, n … From formal English to slang
pole´vault´er — pole vault, a vault over a high, horizontal bar between uprights, by using a long pole. pole vault «POHL VLT», intransitive verb. to jump or leap over a high horizontal bar by using a long pole. –pole´vault´er, noun … Useful english dictionary
pole vault — n the pole vault the sport of jumping over a high bar using a long pole >pole vaulter n >pole vaulting n [U] … Dictionary of contemporary English
pole vault — n. Track & Field 1. an event in which the contestants take turns jumping for height over a horizontal bar set between two upright supports, with the aid of a long, flexible pole: the bar is gradually raised during the contest until a winner is… … English World dictionary
pole vault — ► NOUN ▪ an athletic event in which competitors attempt to vault over a high bar with the aid of an extremely long flexible pole … English terms dictionary
pole-vault — pole vaulter, n. /pohl vawlt /, v.i. to execute a pole vault. [1890 95] * * * … Universalium
pole vault — noun a competition that involves jumping over a high crossbar with the aid of a long pole • Syn: ↑pole vaulting, ↑pole jump, ↑pole jumping • Hypernyms: ↑field event • Part Meronyms: ↑run up * * * … Useful english dictionary
pole vault — noun a jumping event contested in track and field which requires an athlete to carry a fiberglass pole down a runway, plant the pole into a vaulting box and vault over a fiberglass bar, landing on a … Wiktionary
pole vault — noun an athletic event in which competitors attempt to vault over a high bar with the aid of an extremely long flexible pole. verb (pole vault) perform a pole vault. Derivatives pole vaulter noun … English new terms dictionary