podesta

/poh des"teuh, poh'deuh stah"/, n.
1. any of certain magistrates in Italy, as a chief magistrate in medieval towns and republics.
2. a person appointed to serve as mayor of an Italian city during the Fascist regime.
[1540-50; < It podestà power < L potestas power, command]

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(Italian: "power") In medieval Italian communes, the highest judicial and military magistrate.

The office was instituted by Frederick I Barbarossa in an attempt to govern rebellious Lombard cities. From the late 12th century the communes usually elected their own podesta, often a nobleman with legal training. Serving for six months or a year, the podesta summoned councils, led the communal army, and administered civil and criminal jurisdiction.

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▪ Italian official
Italian  Podestà, or Potestà 

      (“power”), in medieval Italian communes, the highest judicial and military magistrate. The office was instituted by the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in an attempt to govern rebellious Lombard cities. From the end of the 12th century the communes became somewhat more independent of the emperor, and they began to elect their own podesta, who gradually superseded the collegiate government of consuls. Usually selected from another city or distant feudal family to ensure his neutrality in local disputes, the podesta was often a nobleman with legal training and served for one year (later, for six months). He summoned the councils, led the communal army, and administered civil and criminal jurisdiction. Though the office was subject to strict statutory limitations, it sometimes served as a starting point for the establishment of a despotic government, or signoria. After the 13th century the office declined in importance; in 15th-century Florence its principal functions were judicial.

      Podesta was the title of mayors in the Austrian territories of Italy from 1815 to 1918 and of mayors appointed by the Italian government during the Fascist regime.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Podestà — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El podestà era el primer magistrado de las ciudades del centro y norte de Italia. El palacio del Podestà de Florencia, hoy museo Bargello …   Wikipedia Español

  • Podesta — Podestà bezeichnet: Podestà, ein gewählter Administrator einer Gemeinde In der Adelsrepublik Venedig der Leiter eines Bezirks, siehe Dogado Podesta (Insel), eine Phantominsel Palazzo del Podestà (Bologna), Palast in Bologna Podesta oder Podestà… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • podestá — n. Persona que ejercía la *autoridad suprema en algunas ciudades italianas. ≃ Potestad. * * * ► masculino Magistrado medieval de las ciudades de Italia central y septentrional encargado del orden y de la justicia. * * * (italiano: poder).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • podesta — [pō΄des tä′, pō′des tä΄] n. [It podestà < L potestas, power < potis, able: see POTENT] 1. a chief magistrate of a medieval Italian town 2. a minor official in an Italian town …   English World dictionary

  • Podesta — Po*des ta, n. [It. podest[ a], fr. L. potestas power, magistracy. See {Potent}.] [1913 Webster] 1. One of the chief magistrates of the Italian republics in the Middle Ages. Brande & C. [1913 Webster] 2. A mayor, alderman, or other magistrate, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Podestà — (ital.), in Italien die erste obrigkeitliche Person einer Stadt, so v.w. Bürgermeister. In den italienischen Republiken des Mittelalters hatten die P. oft die höchste Gewalt im Staat …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Podesta — (v. lat. potestas, »Macht, Obrigkeit«), in Italien die oberste Magistratsperson einer Stadtgemeinde, der Bürgermeister, zur Zeit der italienischen Republiken des Mittelalters, z. B. in Mailand, im Besitz der höchsten vollziehenden Gewalt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Podestà — Podestà, in Italien die erste obrigkeitliche Person einer Stadt, s.v.w. Bürgermeister …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Podesta — Podesta, in den ital. Städten der Bürgermeister …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • podesta — podestá s.m. sg. (înv.) guvernator al unui oraş în Italia medievală. Trimis de blaurb, 05.10.2006. Sursa: DAR …   Dicționar Român

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