- /ploor"euh liz'euhm/, n.1. Philos.a. a theory that there is more than one basic substance or principle. Cf. dualism (def. 2), monism (def. 1a).b. a theory that reality consists of two or more independent elements.2. Eccles.a. the holding by one person of two or more offices at the same time.b. plurality (def. 7a).3. Sociol. See cultural pluralism.4. state or quality of being plural.[1810-20; PLURAL + -ISM]
* * *IWhereas monists such as Parmenides, Benedict de Spinoza, and G.W.F. Hegel maintain that reality consists of only one ultimate substance, pluralists assert that reality consists of manifold entities of many different types and that the diversity of things is more striking and important than their unity. In A Pluralistic Universe (1909), William James held that it is characteristic of empirically minded thinkers to note the changeability of things, the multiplicity of their being and their relations with one another, and the unfinished character of the world.IIIn political science, the view that in liberal democracies power is (or should be) dispersed among a variety of economic and ideological pressure groups and is not (or should not be) held by a single elite or group of elites.Pluralism assumes that diversity is beneficial to society and that the disparate functional or cultural groups of which society is composedincluding religious groups, trade unions, professional organizations, and ethnic minoritiesshould be autonomous. Pluralism was stressed most vigorously during the early 20th century by a group of English writers that included Frederic W. Maitland and Harold J. Laski; it was defended in the later 20th century by the American scholars Robert Dahl and David B. Truman.
* * *▪ politicsin political science, the view that in liberal democracies power is (or should be) dispersed among a variety of economic and ideological pressure groups and is not (or should not be) held by a single elite or group of elites. Pluralism assumes that diversity is beneficial to society and that autonomy should be enjoyed by disparate functional or cultural groups within a society, including religious groups, trade unions, professional organizations, and ethnic minorities.Pluralism was stressed most vigorously in England during the early 20th century by a group of writers that included Frederic Maitland (Maitland, Frederic William), Samuel G. Hobson, Harold Laski (Laski, Harold Joseph), Richard H. Tawney (Tawney, Richard Henry), and George Douglas Howard Cole, who reacted against what they alleged to be the alienation of the individual under conditions of unrestrained capitalism. It was necessary, they argued, to integrate the individual in a social context that would give him a sense of community, and they pointed to the medieval structure of guilds (guild), chartered cities, villages, monasteries, and universities as an example of such a society. Pluralists argued that some of the negative aspects of modern industrial society might be overcome by economic and administrative decentralization.
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Pluralism — is used, often in different ways, across a wide range of topics to denote a diversity of views, and stands in opposition to one single approach or method of interpretation: *Scientific pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science… … Wikipedia
pluralism — PLURALÍSM s.n. 1. Concepţie filozofică potrivit căreia lumea ar fi formată dintr o pluralitate de realităţi de sine stătătoare, independente unele de altele. 2. Principiu al democraţiei care preconizează necesitatea existenţei mai multor forţe… … Dicționar Român
Pluralism — Plu ral*ism, n. 1. The quality or state of being plural, or in the plural number. [1913 Webster] 2. (Eccl.) The state of a pluralist; the holding of more than one ecclesiastical living at a time. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
pluralism — 1818, as a term in church administration, from PLURAL (Cf. plural) + ISM (Cf. ism). Attested from 1882 as a term in philosophy for a theory which recognizes more than one ultimate principle. In political science, attested from 1919 (in Harold J.… … Etymology dictionary
pluralism — ► NOUN 1) a political system of power sharing among a number of political parties. 2) the existence or toleration of a diversity of ethnic groups or differing cultures and views within a society. 3) Philosophy a theory or system that recognizes… … English terms dictionary
pluralism — [ploor′ə liz΄əm] n. 1. the quality or condition of being plural, or of existing in more than one part or form 2. the holding by one person of more than one office or church benefice at the same time 3. a) the existence within a nation or society… … English World dictionary
pluralism — [[t]plʊ͟ərəlɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT If there is pluralism within a society, it has many different groups and political parties. [FORMAL] ...as the country shifts towards political pluralism … English dictionary
pluralism — the idea that two or more moral values may be equally ultimate (true), yet in conflict. In addition, it postulates that in many cases, such incompatible values, may be rationally incommensurable. As such, value pluralism is a theory in metaethics … Mini philosophy glossary
pluralism — The general tolerance of different kinds of thing, or more particularly of different and perhaps incommensurable descriptions of the world, none of which is deemed to be more fundamental than any of the others. Pluralism is often attributed to… … Philosophy dictionary
pluralism — plu|ral|is|m [ˈpluərəlızəm US ˈplur ] n [U] formal when people of many different races, religions, and political beliefs live together in the same society, or the belief that this can happen successfully ▪ a nation characterized by cultural… … Dictionary of contemporary English