plating


plating
/play"ting/, n.
1. a thin coating of gold, silver, etc.
2. an external layer of metal plates.
3. the act of a person or thing that plates.
[1535-45; PLATE1 + -ING1]

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Coating a metal or other material, such as plastic or china, with a hard, nonporous metallic surface to improve durability and beauty.

Early plated goods ("old Sheffield plate") are made by the process invented by Thomas Boulsover, and consist of a sandwich of copper between two layers of silver. Today surfaces such as gold, silver, stainless steel, palladium, copper, and nickel are applied by dipping an object into a solution containing the desired surface material, which is deposited by chemical or electrochemical action (see electroplating). Much plating is done for decorative purposes, but still more is done to increase the durability and corrosion resistance of softer materials. Most automotive parts, appliances, housewares and flatware, hardware, plumbing and electronic equipment, wire goods, aircraft and aerospace products, and machine tools are plated for durability. See also galvanizing, terneplate, tinplating.

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      coating a metal or other material such as plastic or china with a hard, nonporous metallic surface to improve durability and beauty. Such surfaces as gold, silver, stainless steel, palladium, copper, and nickel are formed by dipping an object into a solution containing the desired surface material, which is deposited by chemical or electrochemical action. While much plating is done for decorative purposes, still more is done to increase the durability and corrosion-resistance of softer materials. Most automotive parts, appliances, housewares and flatware, hardware, plumbing and electronic equipment, wire goods, aircraft and aerospace products, and machine tools are plated for durability.

      Several processes are used for plating: electroplating, electroless plating, and anodizing are the major processes used today, but other methods also have been developed.

      In electroplating (q.v.), the article to be plated serves as the cathode in an electrolytic bath composed of a solution of the salt of the metal to be deposited. The other terminal, the anode, may be of the same metal or another chemically unaffected conductor. A low-voltage current is passed through the solution and causes the metal in solution to plate the article. electroless plating (q.v.) relies on reactions in a chemical bath that may or may not be aqueous and may or may not be heated. anodizing (q.v.) is similar to electroplating, but the article to be plated serves as the anode in the electrical circuit.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plating — describes surface covering where a metal is deposited on a conductive surface. Plating has been done for hundreds of years, but it is also critical for modern technology. Plating is used to decorate objects, for corrosion inhibition, to improve… …   Wikipedia

  • Plating — Plat ing, n. 1. The art or process of covering anything with a plate or plates, or with metal, particularly of overlaying a base or dull metal with a thin plate of precious or bright metal, as by mechanical means or by electro magnetic deposition …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plating — plating. См. посев [микробиологический]. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Plating — Plating. См. Металлизация. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • plating — [plāt′iŋ] n. 1. the act or process of a person or thing that plates 2. an external layer of metal plates 3. a thin coating of gold, silver, tin, etc …   English World dictionary

  • plating — The coating of metal usually by electrolysis. See black chromium plating chromium plating copper plating gold plating hard chromium plating mechanical plating nickel plating shell plating silver plati …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • plating — [[t]ple͟ɪtɪŋ[/t]] N UNCOUNT Plating is a thin layer of metal on something, or a covering of metal plates. The tanker began spilling oil the moment her outer plating ruptured …   English dictionary

  • Plating — Plate Plate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Plated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Plating}.] 1. To cover or overlay with gold, silver, or other metals, either by a mechanical process, as hammering, or by a chemical process, as electrotyping. [1913 Webster] 2. To cover …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plating — noun Date: 1765 1. the act or process of plating 2. a. a coating of metal plates b. a thin coating of metal …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • plating — plat|ing [ˈpleıtıŋ] n [U] a thin layer of metal that covers another metal surface ▪ gold plating …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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