pilocarpine

/puy'leuh kahr"peen, -pin, pil'euh-/, n. Pharm.
an oil or crystalline alkaloid, C11H16N2O2, obtained from jaborandi, and used chiefly to produce sweating, promote the flow of saliva, contract the pupil of the eye, and for glaucoma.
[1870-75; < NL Pilocarp(us) name of the genus of shrubs which includes jaborandi ( < Gk pîlo(s) felt, wool or hair made into felt + -o- -O- + -karpos -CARP) + -INE1]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pilocarpine — Systematic (IUPAC) name (3S,4R) 3 ethyl 4 ((1 methyl 1H imidazol 5 yl) methyl)dihydrofuran 2(3H) one Clinical data …   Wikipedia

  • PILOCARPINE — De formule brute C11H1622, la pilocarpine est un alcaloïde extrait des feuilles de jaborandi, Pilocarpus microphyllus , de la famille des rutacées. C’est un arbuste grêle, à petites feuilles, qui se trouve à l’état sauvage au Brésil. Il existe de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pilocarpine — La structure de la pilocarpine, un alcaloïde. Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pilocarpine — Pi lo*car pine, n. [From NL. {Pilocarpus pennatifolius} jaborandi; L. pilus hair + Gr. karpo s fruit: cf. F. pilocarpine.] (Chem.) An alkaloid extracted from jaborandi ({Pilocarpus pennatifolius}) as a white amorphous or crystalline substance… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pilocarpine — [pī΄lō kär′pēn΄, pī΄lō kär′pin; pil΄ō kär′pēn΄, pil΄ōkär′pin] n. [< ModL Pilocarpus, genus name (< Gr pilos, felt + karpos, fruit: see PILE2 & CARPO ) + INE3] an alkaloid, C11H16N2O2, extracted from the leaves of the jaborandi plant and… …   English World dictionary

  • pilocarpine — An alkaloid obtained from the leaves of Pilocarpus; Microphyllus or P. jaborandi (family Rutaceae), shrubs of the West Indies and tropical America; a parasympathomimetic agent used as a diaphoretic, sialogogue, and stimulant of intestinal… …   Medical dictionary

  • pilocarpine — (entrée créée par le supplément) (pi lo kar pi n ) s. f. Terme de chimie. Sorte d alcaloïde végétal. •   M. Hardy s est proposé d isoler, s il était possible, le principe actif de la plante [le jaborandi] ; l étude chimique qu il a ainsi… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • pilocarpine — n. a parasympathomimetic drug administered as eye drops or gel to reduce the pressure inside the eye in glaucoma (see miotic). It is also administered orally to treat dry mouth; side effects may include headache, frequent urination, and sweating …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • pilocarpine — A drug used to increase salivation in people who have dry mouth caused by opioids or radiation therapy. Pilocarpine belongs to the family of drugs called alkaloids …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • pilocarpine — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from New Latin Pilocarpus jaborandi, species of tropical shrubs Date: 1875 a miotic alkaloid C11H16N2O2 obtained from jaborandi that is used chiefly in the form of its hydrochloride or nitrate… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pilocarpine — Alkaloid with muscarinic cholinomimetic activity isolated from Pilocarpus jaborandi …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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