pileus

/puy"lee euhs, pil"ee-/, n., pl. pilei /puy"lee uy', pil"ee uy'/ for 1, 2, 4, pileus for 3.
1. Mycol. the horizontal portion of a mushroom, bearing gills, tubes, etc., on its underside; a cap. See diag. under mushroom.
2. Zool.
a. the umbrella or bell of a jellyfish.
b. pileum.
3. Also called cap cloud, scarf cloud. Meteorol. a small, thin cloud just above or attached to a growing cumulus cloud.
4. a felt skullcap worn by the ancient Romans and Greeks.
[1750-60; < NL, special use of L pileus skullcap; akin to Gk pîlos felt, felt cap]

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hat
      close-fitting, brimless hat worn by the ancient Romans and copied from the Greek sailor's hat called the pilos. In Roman times the head was generally left uncovered, but commoners and freed slaves sometimes wore the felt pileus.

      The hat was again popular during the Renaissance, especially in Italy, when it was square or rounded and made of black or red velvet or felt. The zucchetto and the biretta, worn by some orders of clergy, developed from the pileus.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pileus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para sombrero de las setas, véase Pileus (micología). Cumulonimbus con Pileus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pileus — may refer to: Pileus (hat), a brimless cap Pileus (mycology), the cap of a mushroom Pileus (meteorology), a cloud formation This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Pileus — (lat. für „Haube“) bezeichnet: in der Meteorologie eine Wolkenformation, siehe Pileus (Wolke) in der Mykologie die Haube eines Pilzes eine im Altertum auf dem Scheitel getragene Filzkappe, siehe Pileus (Kleidung) Diese S …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pileus — ● pileus nom masculin (latin pileus) Bonnet de feutre de forme conique, spécialement porté par les affranchis romains …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pileus — PILÉUS s. n. 1. bonetă conică din stofă moale, purtată de greci şi mai ales de nobilii daci, ca semn distinctiv al rangului lor. 2. pălăria ciupercilor, care poartă organele de fructificaţie. (< fr., lat. pileus) Trimis de raduborza,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pileus — Pi le*us, n.; pl. {Pilei}. [L., a felt cap.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A kind of skull cap of felt. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) The expanded upper portion of many of the fungi. See {Mushroom}. [1913 Webster] 3. (Zo[ o]l.) The top of the head of a bird, from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pilĕus — (lat.), 1) (röm. Ant.), Hut, s.d.; 2) das glocken od. hutförmige Keimlager der Hutpilze …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pilĕus — Pilĕus, s. Pilleus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • pileus — [pī′lē əs, pil′ēəs] n. pl. pilei [pī′lēī΄, pil′ēī΄] [< L pilleus (or pilleum), felt cap, akin to pilus, hair: see PILE2] 1. a type of brimless cap worn in ancient Rome 2. Bot. the cap of a mushroom, or the similar part of the fruiting body of… …   English World dictionary

  • PILEUS — I. PILEUS insigne domus, in urbe Siciliae Catana, cuius inhabitatores hominum pessimi, dicuntur Taisnierio apud Thom. Fazellum, de Rebus Sic. l. 1. c. 1. Tritum, inquiit, Taisnierius in Chiromantia sua, est proverbium, inter totius orbis homines… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pileus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pileus (homonymie). Ulysse coiffé du pilos. Le pileus ou pilleum …   Wikipédia en Français

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