/pee'teuhr mar"its berrg'/, n.
a city in and the capital of Natal province, in the E Republic of South Africa. 158,921.

* * *

      city, capital of KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. It lies in the Msunduzi River valley, at the base of a tree-covered escarpment inland from Durban. Boers from the Cape Colony founded it in 1838 after a victory over the Zulus at Blood River and named it to honour their dead leaders Piet Retief (Retief, Piet) and Gerrit Maritz (Maritz, Salomon Gerhardus). The British took control in 1843 and built Fort Napier (now a historical monument). Pietermaritzburg was incorporated in 1854 and was the capital of Natal (now KwaZulu-Natal) province from 1856 to 1994. It was co-capital with Ulundi of KwaZulu-Natal from 1994 to 1995, when Ulundi was designated the capital. This was reversed in 2004, when Pietermaritzburg was once again declared the capital of the province.

      Pietermaritzburg is known as the “City of Flowers” for its azaleas and roses and because it is the site of one of the country's National Botanical Gardens. Butterflies for Africa, a butterfly conservation centre, is also in Pietermaritzburg. Other attractions are Alexandra Park, Wylie Park, the Bisley Nature Reserve, Queen Elizabeth Park, and many recreational facilities. At an elevation of 2,218 feet (676 metres), the city is a gateway to KwaZulu-Natal's many game reserves and mountain resorts.

      Pietermaritzburg shares with Durban the University of KwaZulu-Natal (1910). There are many well-preserved late 19th-century government buildings in the city, such as the historic Old Supreme Court building, now home to the Tatham Art Gallery. Other cultural attractions include the Natal Museum, the Voortrekker Museum, and the KwaZulu-Natal Railway Museum.

      Pietermaritzburg is a growing business and industrial centre. Its industries include the manufacture of furniture, footware, and aluminum ware and the processing of wattle extract. It has excellent highway and rail connections to Durban. Pop. (1996) urban agglom., 378,126; (2001) mun., 553,223.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pietermaritzburg —   City   Pietermaritzburg City Hall, constructed in 1893, destroyed by fire in 1895, rebuilt in 1901; the largest red brick building in the Southern Hemisphere …   Wikipedia

  • Pietermaritzburg — Pietermaritzburg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PIETERMARITZBURG — Capitale de la province sud africaine du Kwazulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg a été fondée en 1839 par les colons boers qui, venus de l’intérieur du pays, avaient réussi à écraser l’armée zoulou à Blood River. Les voortrekkers boers fondent même une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pietermaritzburg — Pietermaritzburg, Hauptstadt der brit. Kolonie Natal in Südostafrika, an einem r. Nebenfluß des Umgeni, (1904) 31.199 E.; Handel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pietermaritzburg —   [piːtərma rətsbœrx], Hauptstadt der Provinz KwaZulu/Natal, Republik Südafrika, 677 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 180 000 Einwohner; Universität, Natalmuseum (naturkundliche und ethnologische Sammlung), Kunstgalerie, Voortrekker Museum; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pietermaritzburg — [pē΄tər mer′its bʉrg΄] capital of KwaZulu Natal province, South Africa: pop. 156,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Pietermaritzburg — es la capital y segunda ciudad más grande la Provincia de KwaZulu Natal en Sudáfrica. Fue fundada en 1838. Popularmente llamada Maritzburg, y abreviada con la sigla PMB, es sede del campus de la Universidad de KwaZulu Natal, también produce… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pietermaritzburg — 29°35′50″S 30°22′50″E / 29.59722, 30.38056 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pietermaritzburg — Original name in latin Pietermaritzburg Name in other language Gorad Pitehrmarycburg, Maritzburg, PZB, Petromaritzburgum, Pietermaritsburg, Pietermaritzburg, Pitermaricb org, Pitermaricburg, Pitermaricburgas, bi de ma li ci bao, bytrmarytzbrgh,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Pietermaritzburg — geographical name city E Republic of South Africa in S central KwaZulu Natal population 128,598 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.