Picus

/puy"keuhs/, n.
an ancient Italian god of agriculture.

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In Roman mythology, a woodpecker sacred to Mars.

A minor agricultural deity associated with the fertilization of the soil, Picus was widely worshiped in ancient Italy. Later versions of the myth made him an early king of Italy, whose bride, Circe, changed him into a woodpecker. In art he was shown as a woodpecker mounted on a pillar, and later as a youth with a woodpecker on his head. The woodpecker was also an important bird in augury.

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      in Roman mythology, a woodpecker sacred to the god Mars. It was widely worshipped in ancient Italy and developed into a minor god. Picus was an agricultural deity associated particularly with the fertilization of the soil with manure. The woodpecker was also an important bird in augury.

      Later rationalizations made Picus an early king of Italy. The Roman poet Virgil's Aeneid, Book VII, for instance, made him son of Saturn, father of Faunus, and grandfather of Latinus. In Ovid's Metamorphoses, Book XIV, the witch Circe turns Picus into a woodpecker when he refuses to be disloyal to his wife, Canens. As son of Saturn he later came to be identified with Zeus. His earliest representations were as a wooden pillar mounted with the image of a woodpecker. In more sophisticated form, Picus is a youth carved of marble with a woodpecker on his head. In zoology, Picus is a genus of woodpecker.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PICUS —  Pour le personnage mythologique, voir Picus (mythologie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Picus —  Pour le personnage mythologique, voir Picus (mythologie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Picus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el personaje mitológico, véase Pico (mitología). ? Picus …   Wikipedia Español

  • Picus — (lateinisch: „Specht“) steht für: Picus (Mythologie), eine Gottheit der römischen Mythologie Picus (Gattung), eine Spechtgattung Picus Verlag, ein österreichischer Buchverlag Diese Seite ist eine Begri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PICUS — Rex Latinorum, Saturni fil. Fauni pater successit patri, An. 2747. primus Aboriginum Rex per an. 37. Latini regis av us, auguriorum peritissimus, qui a Circe adamatus, cum spretô eius coniugiô, Carmentem Nympham duxisset uxorem, ab irata Dea,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • picuş — PICÚŞ, picuşuri, s.n. I. (pop.) 1. Piculeţ. ♦ (fam.) Băutură alcoolică (în cantitate mică). 2. Masă lichidă sau solidificată formată prin picurarea unui lichid sau prin curgerea, picătură cu picătură, a unei materii topite. II. (fam.) Câştig mic… …   Dicționar Român

  • Picus [2] — Picus, italischer Dämon des Waldes, auch des Ackerbaues, namentlich des Düngens. In der Sage der Laurenter erscheint er als König und streitbarer Held, Sohn des Saturnus, Gemahl der Canens, Vater des Faunus. Kirke, deren Liebe er verschmähte,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Picus — Pi cus, n.; pl. {Pici}. [L., a woodpecker.] (Zo[ o]l.) A genus of woodpeckers, including some of the common American and European species. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Picus [1] — Picus, Vogel, so v.w. Specht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Picus [2] — Picus, altitalischer Waldgott u. Gott der Weissage, war Sohn des Saturnus u. hauste am Aventinischen Hügel; er galt zugleich als erster König von Latium, war von Pomona od. Canens Vater des Faunus u. wurde von der Circe, deren Liebe er… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Picus [1] — Picus, der Specht; Picidae (Spechte), eine Familie der Klettervögel …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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