- systematic instruction in sports, exercises, and hygiene given as part of a school or college program.[1830-40]
* * *Training in physical fitness and in skills requiring or promoting it.In the U.S. it is required in most primary and secondary schools. It generally includes calisthenics, gymnastics, various sports, and some study of health. College majors in physical education have been available since the early 20th century. Most teaching is done in gymnasiums, though outdoor sports are also emphasized.
* * *training in physical fitness and in skills requiring or promoting such fitness. Many traditional societies included training in hunting, ritual dance, and military skills, while others—especially those emphasizing literacy—often excluded physical skills.The spread of literacy in the West between 1500 and 1800 coincided with a new awareness that fitness helps the mind. Gymnasiums opened across Europe, the first in Copenhagen in 1799. The German turnverein movement grew, expanding to the United States with immigration. Per Ling developed a teaching system for physical education in Stockholm in 1814, and Otto Spiess (1810–1858) popularized another system in Germany. As public schools in Germany, Denmark, and the United States tried these systems, physical education joined baccalaureate curricula, becoming a major at Columbia University in 1901 and elsewhere later.Japan's schools have linked physical and mental training since the 17th century. Public schools with compulsory physical education were founded in 1872; the trend since 1945 has been toward individual physical and mental development. The Soviet Union, after 1917, placed great emphasis on physical education, both in schools and in special physical education institutes.Today, physical education is a required course in many primary and secondary schools in countries with compulsory education. Most teaching takes place inside gymnasiums or other facilities built specifically for physical education activities, although outdoor sports are also emphasized.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Physical education — Physical Phys ic*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to nature (as including all created existences); in accordance with the laws of nature; also, of or relating to natural or material things, or to the bodily structure, as opposed to things mental, moral … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
physical education — ► NOUN ▪ instruction in physical exercise and games, especially in schools … English terms dictionary
physical education — ☆ physical education n. instruction in physical exercise and in the care and hygiene of the human body; esp., a course in gymnastics, athletics, etc., as in a school or college … English World dictionary
Physical education — This article is about the educational activity. For the TV series episode, see Physical Education (Community). PE equipment in Calhan, Colorado. Physical education (often abbreviated Phys. Ed. or P.E.) or gym … Wikipedia
physical education — China pays great attention to physical education (PE). The State Council’s ‘Regulations on Physical Education in Educational Institutions’ (1990) defines PE as a programme to build students’ physical health; to increase their knowledge of… … Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture
physical education — noun training in the development of and care for the human body; stresses athletics; includes hygiene (Freq. 2) • Hypernyms: ↑education * * * noun [noncount] : sports and exercise taught in schools He teaches physical education at the high school … Useful english dictionary
physical education — N UNCOUNT Physical education is the school subject in which children do physical exercises or take part in physical games and sports. Syn: PE, games … English dictionary
physical education — noun An element of an educational curriculum concerned with bodily development, strength, physical co ordination, and agility. The physical education instructor also served as the coach of the track team … Wiktionary
physical education — fizinis ugdymas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Fizinių ypatybių, gebėjimų, reikalingų sudėtingai žmogaus veiklai, ugdymas fiziniais pratimais. atitikmenys: angl. physical education; physical training vok. Körpererziehung, f; … Sporto terminų žodynas
physical education — fizinis lavinimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Judėjimo įgūdžių, fizinių ypatybių ir kompleksinių gebėjimų tobulinimas fiziniais pratimais. atitikmenys: angl. physical education vok. körperliche Bildung, f; Leibeserziehung … Sporto terminų žodynas