/frij"ee euh/, n.an ancient country in central and NW Asia Minor.
* * *Ancient district, west-central Anatolia.It was named for a people whom the Greeks called Phryges and who dominated Anatolia between the Hittite collapse (12th century BC) and ascent of Lydia (7th century BC). The Phrygians were possibly of Thracian origin (see Thrace) and had their capital at Gordium. The kingdom of their legendary ruler, Midas, ended с 700 BC with the invasion of the Cimmerians, who burned the capital. The Phrygians excelled in metalwork, wood carving, carpet making, and embroidery. Their religious cult of the Great Mother of the Gods was passed on to the Greeks. Excavations conducted since 1945 have uncovered carved stone tombs and shrines there.
* * *▪ ancient district, Turkeyancient district in west-central Anatolia, named after a people whom the Greeks called Phryges and who dominated Asia Minor between the Hittite collapse (12th century BC) and the Lydian ascendancy (7th century BC). The Phrygians, perhaps of Thracian origin, settled in northwestern Anatolia late in the 2nd millennium. Upon the disintegration of the Hittite kingdom they moved into the central highlands, founding their capital at Gordium and an important religious centre at “Midas City” (modern Yazılıkaya, Tur.). The site is a tableland 3,000–5,000 feet (900–1,500 m) high, with mountains.Between the 12th and 9th centuries Phrygia formed the western part of a loose confederation of peoples (identified as “Mushki” in Assyrian records) that dominated the entire Anatolian peninsula. This early civilization borrowed heavily from the Hittites, whom they had replaced, and established a system of roads later utilized by the Persians. About 730 the Assyrians detached the eastern part of the confederation, and the locus of power shifted to Phrygia proper under the rule of the legendary king Midas.Midas' kingdom came to an abrupt end (c. 700) with the invasions of the Cimmerians (Cimmerian), a Transcaucasian people who burned Gordium and transferred the hegemony of western Anatolia to the Lydians. After the Cimmerian invasion Phrygia lingered as a geographic expression under the successive rulers of Anatolia; its people were valued as slaves by the Greeks. The Phrygians excelled in metalwork and wood carving and are said to have originated the art of embroidery. Phrygian carpets were famous. Some magnificently carved stone tombs and shrines were uncovered after World War II by American archaeologists. Among the various Phrygian religious practices, the cult of the Great Mother (Cybele (Great Mother of the Gods)) predominated and was passed on to the Greeks.Little else is known of Phrygian society. Vast lands were owned by the great shrines such as Pessinus, the high priests being virtually autonomous rulers. Society was probably feudal. An intelligent and evidently cultivated elite (they were able to read and write) existed at Gordium and Midas City, together with an important nucleus of craftsmen and merchants, some doubtless being foreigners—Greeks, Phoenicians, Syrians, and Urartaeans.A staple industry was sheep rearing, which provided a fine wool much in demand in Miletus, Pergamum, and other Greek centres of industry. The neighbourhood of Midas City harboured considerable forestland, and timber was clearly an important economic factor. Another specialty was horse rearing, the Phrygians probably being, like many of the Indo-Europeans, an equestrian aristocracy ruling over other native peoples.
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PHRYGIA — PHRYGIA, district in central Asia Minor, part of the Roman province of Asia after the death of Attalus III (133 B.C.E.), the last king of pergamum . A Jewish community was established in Phrygia no later than the end of the third century B.C.E.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Phrygĭa  — Phrygĭa, Pflanzengattung, s. u. Centaurea e) … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Phrygĭa  — Phrygĭa, ein Theil von Kleinasien, welcher in den verschiedenen Zeiten sehr verschiedene Ausdehnung hatte; namentlich gehörte früher das Küstenland unter dem Namen Kleinphrygia od. P. am Hellespont dazu (welches später als Klein Mysien abgetrennt … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Phrygia — PHRYGIA, æ, Gr. Φρυγία, ας, (⇒ Tab. II.) des Arges Frau, mit welcher er den Deusus, Atron und die Atreneste zeugete. Philosteph. ap. Steph. Byz. in Ἀρτηνή … Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon
Phrygia  — PHRYGIA, æ, ein Beynamen der Cybele; Virgil. Aen. VII. v. 139. weil sie in Phrygien nicht allein geboren war, Diod. Sic. l. III. c. 58. p. 134. sondern daselbst auch zuerst verehret wurde. Id. ib. c. 59. p. 135 … Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon
Phrygia — [frij′ē ə] ancient country in WC Asia Minor … English World dictionary
Phrygia — In antiquity, Phrygia ( el. Φρυγία) was a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now modern day Turkey. The Phrygians (Phruges or Phryges) initially lived in the Southern Balkans; according to Herodotus, under the name of… … Wikipedia
PHRYGIA — I. PHRYGIA locus Oetae montis, ubi combustus Hercules, ἀπὸ τοὺ πεφρύχθαι ἐκεῖ τὸν Η῾ρακλέα. Item, locus inter Boeotiam et Atticam, sic dictus propter φρύγανα, quibus oppletus esset; dicuntur autem φρύγανα Graecis, item φρύγια, cremia, fomites,… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Phrygia — Dry, an irregular and ill defined district in Asia Minor. It was divided into two parts, the Greater Phrygia on the south, and the Lesser Phrygia on the west. It is the Greater Phrygia that is spoken of in the New Testament. The towns of… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Phrygia — geographical name ancient country W central Asia Minor divided about 400 B.C. into Greater Phrygia (the inland region) & Lesser Phrygia (region along the Dardanelles) … New Collegiate Dictionary