—Photo-Secessionist, n./foh'toh si sesh"euhn/, n.an association of photographers founded in New York City in 1902 by Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Steichen that advocated the development and public recognition of photography as a fine art.
* * *Group of U.S. photographers influenced by the Pictorialist movement.Founded in 1902 by Alfred Stieglitz, the Photo-Secession sought recognition of photography as an art to be judged on its own terms. It was akin to such groups as the Linked Ring in London, and its name reflected that of the Sezession movement in Austria and Germany. The group regularly showed its work at the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession, also known as "291" (its address on Fifth Avenue in New York City), a gallery run by Stieglitz. While Stieglitz did not believe in retouching or manipulating negatives or prints, others of the group, such as Edward Steichen, were adherents of the impressionistic soft-focus school and the new techniques. By 1910 many members of the group left due to different aesthetic visions. The record of the Photo-Secession is contained in the quarterly Camera Work (1903–17).
* * *▪ American societythe first influential group of American photographers that worked to have photography accepted as a fine art. Led by Alfred Stieglitz (Stieglitz, Alfred), the group also included Edward Steichen (Steichen, Edward), Clarence H. White (White, Clarence H.), Gertrude Käsebier (Käsebier, Gertrude), and Alvin Langdon Coburn (Coburn, Alvin Langdon). These photographers broke away from the Camera Club of New York in 1902 and pursued Pictorialism, or techniques of manipulating negatives and prints so as to approximate the effects of drawings, etchings, and oil paintings. The Photo-Secession was inspired by art movements in Europe, such as the Linked Ring, that had similar goals.The Photo-Secession actively promoted its ideas. Stieglitz edited and published the important quarterly Camera Work and opened the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession (also known as “291,” the gallery's address on Fifth Avenue), providing a place for the members to exhibit their work. In 1910 the Photo-Secession sponsored an international show of more than 500 photographs by its members or by photographers whose aims were similar to its own. The show, occupying more than half of the exhibition space at the Albright Art Gallery (now the Albright-Knox Gallery) in Buffalo, New York, was a sensation and significantly advanced the acceptance of photography as an art form.By 1910, however, the members of the Photo-Secession had become divided. Some continued to manipulate their negatives and prints to achieve nonphotographic effects, while others came to feel that such manipulation destroyed tone and texture and was inappropriate to photography. Torn by this division, the group soon dissolved.Additional ReadingRobert Doty, Photo Secession: Photography as a Fine Art (1960); William Innes Homer, Alfred Stieglitz and the Photo-Secession (1983).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Photo-Secession — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Photo secession fue un movimiento fundado por Alfred Stieglitz junto a Edward Steichen y Alvin Langdon Coburn en 1902, denominación elegida como homenaje al simbolismo, y la trasgresión vienesa de finales del… … Wikipedia Español
Photo-Secession — [ fəʊtəʊ sɪ seʃn, englisch], Vereinigung von Fotografen, Piktoralismus … Universal-Lexikon
Photo-Secession — The Photo Secession was a movement in photography away from photography as an objective science. The group of photographers, led by Alfred Stieglitz and F. Holland Day in the early 1900s, espoused the principles of Pictorialism, which held that… … Wikipedia
Photo-Secession — Emblem der Photo Secession Die Photo Secession war ein US amerikanischer Club, der sich für die Fotografie als künstlerisches Ausdrucksmittel einsetzte. Er wurde 1902 in New York City von Edward Steichen, Frank Eugene und Alfred Stieglitz… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Photo-Secession — Grupo de fotógrafos estadounidenses influenciados por el movimiento pictorialista. Fundada en 1902 por Alfred Stieglitz, la Photo Secession buscó el reconocimiento de la fotografía como un arte que debía ser juzgado por sus propios méritos. Tenía … Enciclopedia Universal
Photo-Secession — or Photo Secession An American photography movement from 1905 1917. It was led by Alfred Stieglitz, whose Little Galleries of the Photo Secession later became Gallery 291 (from its address at 291 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY). Steiglitz… … Glossary of Art Terms
Photo-Secession — Photo Secessionist, n. /foh toh si sesh euhn/, n. an association of photographers founded in New York City in 1902 by Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Steichen that advocated the development and public recognition of photography as a fine art … Useful english dictionary
Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession — Ansicht der Little Galleries of the Photo Secession, 1906 Die Galerie 291 oder kurz 291 war eine avantgardistische Kunstgalerie in der Fifth Avenue in New York. Sie wurde 1905 als Little Galleries of the Photo Secession von den US amerikanischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Secession — Secession, auch Sezession (aus dem Lateinischen secessio für Abspaltung, Absonderung), bezeichnet in der Kunst die Abwendung meist einer Künstlergruppe von einer als nicht mehr zeitgemäß empfundenen Kunstrichtung. Historische Secessionen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
secession or Sezession — In art, secession ( Sezession in German) is the name adopted by each of several associations of avant garde artists, especially those in Munich, Berlin, and Vienna, who broke away (seceded) from the established, more conservative, academic… … Glossary of Art Terms