Phaedrus

/fee"dreuhs, fed"reuhs/, n.
fl. A.D. c40, Roman writer of fables.

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born с 15 BC, Thrace
died с AD 50, Italy

Roman fabulist.

A slave by birth, Phaedrus became a freedman in Augustus's household. He was the first writer to Latinize whole books of fables, producing free versions in iambic metre of Greek prose fables that were then circulating under the name of Aesop. Phaedrus's renderings, noted for their charm, brevity, and didacticism, became very popular in medieval Europe; they include such favourites as "The Fox and the Sour Grapes" and "The Wolf and the Lamb."

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▪ Roman fabulist
born c. 15 BC, Thrace
died AD 50, , Italy

      Roman fabulist, the first writer to Latinize whole books of fables (fable), producing free versions in iambic metre of Greek prose fables then circulating under the name of Aesop.

      A slave by birth, Phaedrus went to Italy early in life, became a freedman in the emperor Augustus' household, and received the usual education in Greek and Latin authors.

      The poets Ennius, Lucilius, and Horace had introduced fables into their poems, but Phaedrus considered himself a genuine, pioneering artist whose poems, combining charm with a serious didactic purpose, were assured of immortality. He also prided himself on his brevity. The fables of Phaedrus include such favourites as “The Fox and the Sour Grapes,” “The Wolf and the Lamb,” “The Lion's Share,” “The Two Wallets,” and “The Pearl in the Dung-Heap.” His work became extremely popular in the Middle Ages. Numerous prose and poetic versions of his tales appeared in Europe and Britain. A collection called Romulus was the basis of most of them; Phaedrus' identity having been lost, some scholars assumed that Romulus was the author.

      In the early 18th century a manuscript was discovered at Parma that contained 64 fables of Phaedrus, of which 30 were new. Another manuscript was later found in the Vatican and published in 1831. Later research identified 30 more fables as written in the iambics of Phaedrus.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phaedrus — (* um 20/15 v. Chr.; † um 50/60 n. Chr.), voller Name wohl: Gaius Iulius Phaedrus (oder: Phaeder),[1] war ein römischer Fabeldichter in den Regierungszeiten der Kaiser Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula und Claudius. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phaedrus — (c. 15 BC – c. AD 50), Roman fabulist, was probably a Thracian slave [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=EA17XO5SeU4C pg=PA95 dq=Phaedrus++greek+thracian+slave sig=xhJShvjIEM9ZR1zEbbm 0PSjH8U Relighting the Souls: Studies in Plutarch, in Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • Phaedrus — Phaedrus,   römischer Fabeldichter, Freigelassener des Augustus, wirkte bis etwa 50 n. Chr., verfasste in volkstümlichen jambischen Senaren Tierfabeln, Schwänke und Anekdoten, in denen er teils Aisopos folgte, teils neue Stoffe in dessen Art… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Phaedrus — [fē′drəs] 1st cent. A.D.; Rom. writer of fables and reputed translator of some of Aesop s fables …   English World dictionary

  • PHAEDRUS — I. PHAEDRUS Poeta Latinus, libertus Augusti, gente Thrax, Aesopi fabulas iambicô vertit carmine. Avienus in Praefat. fabul. Martialis Eipigr. 20. l. 3. v. 5. Nicol. Rtgaltius, epist. ad Iac. August. Thuan. Nitidissime prodiit An. 1665.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Phaedrus — I. biographical name 5th century B.C. Greek philosopher II. biographical name circa 15 B.C. circa A.D. 50 Roman fabulist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Phaedrus — Phae•drus [[t]ˈfi drəs, ˈfɛd rəs[/t]] n. big fl. a.d. c40, Roman writer of fables …   From formal English to slang

  • Phaedrus — /ˈfidrəs/ (say feedruhs) noun fl. AD c. 40, Roman writer of fables …   Australian English dictionary

  • Phaedrus — /fee dreuhs, fed reuhs/, n. fl. A.D. c40, Roman writer of fables …   Useful english dictionary

  • Phaedrus the Epicurean — Phaedrus ( el. Φαῖδρος) was an Epicurean philosopher, and head of the Epicurean school in Athens from around 75 BC to his death in 70 BC. He was a contemporary of Cicero, who became acquainted with him in his youth at Rome. [Cicero, Epistulae ad… …   Wikipedia

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