perm

/perrm/, Informal.
n.
1. permanent (def. 4).
v.t.
2. to give (the hair) a permanent.
v.i.
3. to apply a permanent to the hair.
[1925-30; by shortening]

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Russia
formerly  (1940–57) Molotov 

      city and administrative centre of Perm kray (territory), western Russia. The city stands on both banks of the Kama River below its confluence with the Chusovaya.

      In 1723 a copper-smelting works was founded at the village of Yegoshikha (founded 1568), at the junction of the Yegoshikha and Kama rivers. In 1780 the settlement of Yegoshikha became the town of Perm, although another town, Perm Velikaya (Perm the Great; now Cherdyn), had existed 150 miles (240 km) upstream since the 14th century. Perm's position on the navigable Kama River, leading to the Volga, and on the Great Siberian Highway (established in 1783) across the Ural Mountains helped it become an important trade and manufacturing centre. It also lay along the Trans-Siberian Railroad, which was completed to Yekaterinburg in 1878. Perm grew considerably as industrialization proceeded in the Urals during the Soviet period.

      Modern Perm, which extends for approximately 30 miles (50 km) along the high riverbanks, is still a major railway hub and one of the chief industrial centres of the Urals region. The city's diversified metallurgical and engineering industries produce equipment and machine tools for the petroleum and coal industries, as well as agricultural machinery. A major petroleum refinery uses oil transported by pipeline from the West Siberian oilfields, and the city's large chemical industry makes fertilizers and dyes. Power is supplied by a 500,000-kilowatt hydroelectric station on the Kama just north of the city. The city's institutions of higher education include the Perm A.M. Gorky State University, founded in 1916. There are several theatres, a notable art gallery, and a school of ballet. Perm gives its name to the Permian Period (from 299 to 251 million years ago), which was first identified in geologic strata in the locality. Pop. (2006 est.) 993,319.

      kray (territory), western Russia. It occupies an area on the western flank of the central Ural Mountains, extending from the crestline in the east across the broad basin of the middle Kama River. The northwest corner of the territory is occupied by the former Komi-Permyak autonomous okrug (district), which was merged with the former Perm oblast (region) in 2005 to form Perm territory. Almost the entire territory is thickly forested, with swampy forest, or taiga, of spruce, fir, pine, and birch. Extensive floodplain meadows line the rivers. Three-fourths of the population is urban, reflecting Perm's position as part of the Urals industrial area. It is exceptionally rich in minerals, notably salt and potassium along the Kama River; these are the basis of the chemical industry of Berezniki, Solikamsk, and Perm city, the administrative centre. Petroleum is extracted along the Kama, in the Sylva and Iren valleys, and in the south and is refined in Perm and Krasnokamsk. Chusovoy and Lysva have metallurgical plants, and most cities in the territory have engineering industries. Coal is mined in the Kizel area. The forests supply paper, pulp, and other timber-working industries. Agriculture has a minor role, except for intensive market gardening around the cities. There are several large power stations in the territory, notably the Kama hydroelectric plants. Area 62,000 square miles (160,600 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 2,748,233.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Perm — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Пермь Perm Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • PERM — De toutes les villes de l’Oural, Perm est celle qui a connu le passé le plus brillant: dès la célèbre expédition guerrière entreprise par Ermak Timofeïevitch en 1580 à destination de l’Est, un petit poste fut créé dans la vallée moyenne de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Perm — bezeichnet: Perm (Stadt), eine Stadt in Russland Region Perm, eine Region in Russland Gouvernement Perm, eine ehemalige Verwaltungseinheit des Russischen Reiches Groß Perm ein mittelalterliches Fürstentum in dieser Region, der Name hielt sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Perm-36 — est un ancien goulag, un camp de travail forcé de l Union soviétique. Il se trouve dans l Oural, à 100 km de Perm, soit 1500 km à l est de Moscou. En activité de 1946 à 1987, c était le plus célèbre des camps abritant des prisonniers… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PERM — may mean:*PERM, computer, a stored program controlled electronic computer Munich, 1952 1956 *PERM, labor certification (Program Electronic Review Management), a foreign labor certification program implemented by the United States Department of… …   Wikipedia

  • PERM — The short name by which the Labor Certification for the Permanent Employment of Aliens in the United States is known. These regulations, drafted by the Department of Labor (DOL) and made effective in 2005, were meant to overhaul and improve the… …   Law dictionary

  • perm — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. permmie, blm, geol. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} najmłodszy (szósty) okres paleozoiku, trwający od około 280 do około 230 milionów lat temu; w permie osadzały się m.in. gips, wapień, sól kamienna, następował rozwój …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • perm — Ⅰ. perm [1] ► NOUN (also permanent wave) ▪ a method of setting the hair in waves or curls and treating it with chemicals so that the style lasts for several months. ► VERB ▪ treat (the hair) in such a way. Ⅱ. perm [2] Brit. informal …   English terms dictionary

  • Perm — [perm] city in E European Russia, on the Kama River: pop. 1,086,000 …   English World dictionary

  • perm. — «purm», noun, verb. Informal. –n. a permanent wave. –v.t. to give a permanent wave to. perm., permanent. * * * abbr. permanent …   Useful english dictionary

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