periodontal membrane

the collagenous, fibrous connective tissue between the cementum of the tooth and the alveolus.
[1895-1900]

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also called  Periodontal Ligament,  

      fleshy tissue between tooth and tooth socket that holds the tooth in place, attaches it to the adjacent teeth, and enables it to resist the stresses of chewing. It develops from the follicular sac that surrounds the embryonic tooth during growth.

      The periodontal membrane contains blood vessels and sensory nerve endings for pain, touch, and proprioceptive sensation (sensation arising from stimuli within rather than outside the body), the latter providing the central nervous system with the feedback information necessary for coordinated muscle activity in complex activities such as mastication and swallowing.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Periodontal membrane — may refer to two things:* The periodontal ligament (PDL), largely referred to as the periodontal membrane outside of the United States * An artificial periodontal membrane, used to block the spread of growing epithelium after periodontal surgery …   Wikipedia

  • periodontal membrane — n the fibrous connective tissue layer covering the cementum of a tooth and holding it in place in the jawbone called also pericementum, periodontal ligament * * * (periodontal ligament) the ligament around a tooth, by which it is attached to the… …   Medical dictionary

  • periodontal membrane — periodontal ligament the ligament around a tooth, by which it is attached to the bone …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • periodontal membrane — noun Date: 1899 the fibrous connective tissue layer covering the cementum of a tooth and holding it in place in the jawbone …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • periodontal membrane — per′iodon′tal mem′brane n. den the collagenous, fibrous connective tissue between the cementum of the tooth and the alveolus Also called per′iodon′tal lig′ament. Etymology: 1895–1900 …   From formal English to slang

  • periodontal membrane — /ˌpɛrioʊdɒntl ˈmɛmbreɪn/ (say .pereeohdontl membrayn) noun the layer of connective tissue that attaches a tooth to the bone within which it sits …   Australian English dictionary

  • periodontal membrane — noun : pericementum * * * Dentistry. the collagenous, fibrous connective tissue between the cementum of the tooth and the alveolus. Also, pericementum. [1895 1900] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Мембрана Периодонтальная (Periodontal Membrane), Связка Периодонтальная (Periodontal Ligament) — расположенная вокруг зуба связка, при помощи которой он прикрепляется к кости. Источник: Медицинский словарь …   Медицинские термины

  • periodontal ligament — periodontal membrane …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • periodontal ligament — n PERIODONTAL MEMBRANE * * * see periodontal membrane * * * the fibrous connective tissue that surrounds the root of a tooth, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone. It extends from the base of the gingival mucosa to the fundus… …   Medical dictionary

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