/per'ee an"deuhr/, n.
died 585 B.C., tyrant of Corinth.

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died с 587 BC

Second tyrant of Corinth (с 627–587).

He was the son of Cypselus, founder of the Cypselid dynasty. One of the most violent of the early Greek tyrants, he killed his wife and avenged the death of his son in Corcyra by sending 300 Corcyran boys to be castrated (they managed to escape). He treated the nobility harshly but built a strong, prosperous Corinthian economy. His extensive building program included construction of the Diolkos, a portage used to transport ships across the Isthmus of Corinth.

Periander, marble bust in the Vatican Museum, Rome

The Mansell Collection

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▪ tyrant of Corinth

died c. 588 BC

      second tyrant of Corinth (c. 628–588), a firm and effective ruler who exploited his city's commercial and cultural potential. Much of the ancient Greek representation of Periander as a cruel despot probably derives from the Corinthian nobility, with whom he dealt harshly.

      Periander was the son of Cypselus, the founder of the Cypselid dynasty of Corinth. To promote and protect Corinthian trade, Periander established colonies at Potidaea in Chalcidice and at Apollonia in Illyria. He conquered Epidaurus and annexed Corcyra. The diolkos (“portage way”) across the Isthmus of Corinth was perhaps built during his reign. It appears that the commercial prosperity of Periander's Corinth became so great that the tolls on goods entering its ports accounted for almost all government revenues. Periander cultivated friendly relations with Thrasybulus, tyrant of Miletus, and maintained ties with the kings of Lydia and Egypt. In the cultural sphere he was a patron of art and of literature; by his invitation the poet Arion came to the city from Lesbos. Sometimes reckoned as one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece, Periander was the supposed author of a collection of maxims in 2,000 verses.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Periander — (ΠΕΡΙΑΝΔΡΟΣ ΚΥΨΕΛΟΥ ΚΟΡΙΝΘΙΟΣ ΜΕΛΕΤΗ ΠÃΝ Periander Kypselos [Sohn] Korinther Bedenke alles) Periander (griechisch: Περίανδρος (τοῦ Κυψέλου) ὁ Κορίνθιος Periandros (des Kypselos Sohn) der Korinther); † 583 v. Chr.) war seit etwa 628 v. Chr. Tyrann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Periander — ( el. Περίανδρος) was the second tyrant of Corinth, Greece in the 7th century BC. He was the son of the first tyrant, Cypselus. Periander succeeded his father in 627 BC. He upgraded Corinth s port, and built a ramp across the Isthmus of Corinth… …   Wikipedia

  • Periander — (Periandros), Sohn des Kypselos, geb. 668 v. Chr., folgte 628 als Tyrann von Korinth; regierte erst mild, aber von Thrasybulos, Tyrannen von Milet, gereizt, hob er fast die ganze frühere Verfassung auf, verfolgte den Adel, trieb das Volk aus der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Periánder — Periánder, der Sohn des Kypselos, langjähriger Herrscher von Korinth (bis 585 v. Chr.), einer der sog. Sieben Weisen Griechenlands …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Periander — Periander, 627–584 v. Chr. Tyrann von Korinth, trefflicher Herrscher, erst im höchsten Alter mißtrauisch und grausam, wird zu den sogen. 7 Weisen Griechenlands gezählt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Periander — Periạnder,   griechisch Perịandros, Tyrann von Korinth um 627 586 v. Chr. (oder 590 550 ?); folgte seinem Vater Kypselos in der Herrschaft. Periander brachte Korinth zu hoher wirtschaftlicher Blüte, u. a. durch seine Agrarpolitik (Neuaufteilung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • PERIANDER — I. PERIANDER Ambraciae tyrannus, ab exoleto suo occisus, quod eum inter pocula interrogâsset, num ex se gravidus factus esset. Aristot. l. 5. Polit. c. 19. II. PERIANDER Corinthiorum Rex, unus e 7. Sapientibus, Cypselo patri in regno successit,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • PERIANDER —    the tyrant of Corinth from 625 to 585 B.C., was one of the seven sages of Greece, and a patron of literature and the arts; Arion and Anacharsis lived at his Court …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Periander — /per ee an deuhr/, n. died 585 B.C., tyrant of Corinth …   Useful english dictionary

  • Periander von Korinth — Periander Periander (griechisch: Periandros, Περίανδρος; † 583 v. Chr.) war seit etwa 628 v. Chr. Tyrann von Korinth. Er zählte zu den sieben Weisen, wurde jedoch später (siehe Platons Dialog) durch Myson aus Chen ersetzt. Er war der Sohn des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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