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# percent

/peuhr sent"/, n.
1. Also called per centum. one one-hundredth part; 1/100.
2. percentage (defs. 1, 3).
3. Brit. stocks, bonds, etc., that bear an indicated rate of interest.
4. figured or expressed on the basis of a rate or proportion per hundred (used in combination with a number in expressing rates of interest, proportions, etc.): to get three percent interest. Symbol: %
Also, per cent.
[1560-70; short for ML per centum by the hundred. See PER, CENT]
Usage. PERCENT is from the Latin adverbial phrase per centum meaning "by the hundred." The Latin phrase entered English in the 16th century. Later, it was abbreviated per cent. with a final period. Eventually, the period was dropped and the two parts merged to produce the modern one-word form PERCENT. The two-word form PER CENT is still used occasionally, but its use is diminishing. The percent sign (%) is used chiefly in scientific, tabular, or statistical material and only with numerals preceding it: 58%.
In the senses "rate or proportion per hundred" and "proportion in general" PERCENT and PERCENTAGE are frequently interchangeable. With a preceding number, only PERCENT occurs (a 16 percent decline); with no preceding number, either occurs, but PERCENTAGE is much more common: a certain percentage (or percent) of the land.

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Universalium. 2010.

### Look at other dictionaries:

• percent — [pər sent′] adv., adj. [< It per cento < L per centum] per hundred; in, to, or for every hundred: symbol, % [a 20 percent rate means 20 in every 100]: also per cent or Now Rare per cent. n. 1. a hundredth part 2. Informal percentage 3. [pl …   English World dictionary

• percent — index proportion, share (interest) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

• percent — 1560s, per cent, from Mod.L. per centum by the hundred (see PER (Cf. per) and HUNDRED (Cf. hundred)). Until early 20c. often treated as an abbreviation and punctuated accordingly …   Etymology dictionary

• percent — ▪ I. percent per‧cent 1 [pəˈsent ǁ pər ] also per cent adjective, adverb 5 percent (5%)/​10 percent (10%) etc equal to 5, 10 etc parts out of every 100 parts: • a one percent (= 1% ) cut in interest rates …   Financial and business terms

• percent — per|cent1 S3 also per cent BrE [pəˈsent US pər ] adj, adv 1.) 5 percent (5%)/10 percent (10%) etc equal to five, ten etc parts out of a total of 100 parts ▪ a 10% increase in house prices ▪ a company with a forty percent stake in the project 2.)… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

• percent — 1 also per cent BrE adjective, adverb 1 5 percent (5%)/10 percent (10%) etc equal to 5, 10 etc parts out of a total that consists of 100 parts: Leave the waitress a 15 percent (=15%) tip. 2 a/one hundred percent completely, totally: I agree with… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

• percent — per|cent1 [ pər sent ] noun singular *** one part of 100, or a particular amount of a total that you have divided by 100. Percent is often shown using the symbol %: He only owns 20% of the business. percent of: Women now represent 50 percent of… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

• percent — 01. This beer is quite strong, over 8 [percent], so don t drink too fast. 02. I think that the [percentage] of students that have to repeat a level in this program is usually about 25% or less. 03. What [percentage] of your salary do you have to… …   Grammatical examples in English

• percent — I. adverb Etymology: earlier per cent, from per + Latin centum hundred more at hundred Date: 1568 in the hundred ; of each hundred II. noun (plural percent or percents) Date: 1667 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

• percent —  , percentage point  If interest rates are 10 percent and are raised to 11 percent, they have gone up by one percentage point, but by 10 percent in value (i.e., borrowers must now pay 10 percent more than previously). In everyday contexts the… …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors